Marxist anthropology: based principally on the writings of Karl
Marx and Friedrich Engels, this posits a materialist model of societal change.
Change within a society is seen as the result of contradictions arising between
the forces of production (technology) and the relations of production (social
organization). Such contradictions are seen to emerge as a struggle between
distinct social classes. Current Marxist anthropology focuses on the
transformation of social orders and the relationships between conflict and