a. In anthracite and bituminous coal mining, one who performs the complete set of duties involved in driving underground openings to extract coal, slate, and rock, with a hand or machine drill, into which explosives are charged and set off to break up the mass. Also called coal digger; coal getter; coal hewer; digger; faceman. DOT
b. In nonmetal mining, such as limestone, one who drills holes in working face of a limestone mine, and inserts and sets off charges of explosives in holes. May be designated as development miner when working in new areas to drive drifts, shafts, sumps, and entry areas into stopes; high-raise miner when working in vertical areas to gain access into new development areas; or stope miner when working in horizontal openings in limestone strata. Syn: stope miner
c. In mining, one who performs the complete set of duties involved in driving underground openings to extract ore or rock: drills holes in working face of ore or rock, with a hand or machine drill; inserts explosives in drill holes and sets them off to break up the mass; shovels ore or rock into mine cars or onto a conveyor, and pushes mine cars to haulageways, where they are hauled by draft animals, mine locomotive (motor), or haulage cable to the surface, or to the shaft bottom for hoisting; and installs timbering to support the walls and roof, or for chutes or staging. Due to standardization of mining methods and development of mining machinery, these jobs may be performed by several workers. Where conditions are favorable, loading is done by machine. DOT
d. One who mines; such as (1) a person engaged in the business or occupation of getting ore, coal, precious substances, or other natural substances out of the earth; (2) a machine for automatic mining (as of coal); and (3) a worker on the construction of underground tunnels and shafts (as for roads, railways, waterways). Webster 3rd
e. A worker in a coal mine who is paid a certain price for each ton of coal he or she digs or blasts from the solid seam, as distinguished from the laborer who loads the cars, etc. The miner's helpers load the coal; they are also called laborers. Fay
f. Includes all laborers who work in a mine, whether digging coal, timbering, or making places safe. Fay
g. Loosely used to designate all underground employees; technically, and in many cases legally, only those who have served an apprenticeship as helpers or those who are State licensed as miners. BCI
h. A worker who cuts coal in a breast or chamber by contract; the highest-skilled worker of a colliery. Korson
i. One who mines; a digger for metals and other minerals; is not necessarily a mechanic, handcraftsman, or artisan, and the term imports neither learning nor skill. Ricketts
j. Abbrev. for continuous miner. Nelson
Source: Dictionary of Mining, Mineral, and Related Terms

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