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Archaeology (or Archeology): The scientific study of the physical evidence of past human societies recovered through collection, artifact analysis, and excavation. Archaeologists not only attempt to discover and describe past cultures but also to formulate explanations for the development of cultures. Conclusions drawn from study and analyses provide answers and predictions about human behavior that add, complement, and sometimes correct the written accounts of history and prehistory.

Archaeology is the scientific study of human history and prehistory through the excavation, analysis, and interpretation of material remains. Archaeologists investigate the material evidence of past human societies and cultures, including artifacts, structures, human and animal remains, and ecofacts, to understand the social, economic, political, and cultural systems of the past.

Archaeologists work in a wide range of geographic regions and time periods, from the earliest human civilizations to modern societies. They use various techniques to uncover and analyze archaeological sites, including excavation, survey, remote sensing, and laboratory analysis.

Archaeologists also use various theoretical frameworks and methodologies to interpret the evidence they uncover, including cultural-historical archaeology, processual archaeology, and post-processual archaeology. These frameworks help archaeologists understand the relationships between people and the environment, the development of social, economic, and political systems, and the role of human agency in shaping the past.

Archaeology plays a critical role in our understanding of human history and prehistory, and provides important insights into the origins of modern societies, the development of human culture and technology, and the diversity of human experiences throughout history. By studying the material remains of the past, archaeologists are able to reconstruct the past and shed light on the human story, from the earliest moments of human existence to the present day.

Pages in category "Archaeology"

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