Medieval Monasticism in Iceland and Norse Greenland

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Steinunn Kristjánsdóttir

Subject: Arts & Humanities, Anthropology & Ethnography Keywords: Iceland; Norse Greenland; Monasticism; Benedictine Order; Augustine Order

The aim of the paper is to provide an overview of the monastic houses operated on the northernmost periphery of Roman Catholic Europe during the Middle Ages. The intention is to debunk the long-held theory of Iceland and Norse Greenland’s supposed isolation from the rest of the world, as it is clear that medieval monasticism reached both of these societies, just as it reached their counterparts elsewhere in the North Atlantic. During the Middle Ages, fourteen monastic houses were opened in Iceland and two in Norse Greenland, all following the Benedictine or Augustinian Order.

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