The late flare in tidal disruption events due to the interaction of disk wind with dusty torus

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Jialun Zhuang, Rong-Feng Shen

A late (t ∼ 1,500 days) multi-wavelength (UV, optical, IR, and X-ray) flare was found in PS1-10adi, a tidal disruption event (TDE) candidate that took place in an active galactic nucleus (AGN). TDEs usually involve super-Eddington accretion, which drives fast mass outflow (disk wind). So here we explore a possible scenario that such a flare might be produced by the interaction of the disk wind with a dusty torus for TDEs in AGN. Due to the high velocity of the disk wind, strong shocks will emerge and convert the bulk of the kinetic energy of the disk wind to radiation. We calculate the dynamics and then predict the associated radiation signatures, taking into account the widths of the wind and torus. We compare our model with the bolometric light curve of the late flare in PS1-10adi constructed from observations. We find from our modeling that the disk wind has a total kinetic energy of about 1051 erg and a velocity of 0.1 c (i.e., a mass of 0.3 M⊙); the gas number density of the clouds in the torus is 3×107 cm−3. Observation of such a late flare can be an evidence of the disk wind in TDEs and can be used as a tool to explore the nuclear environment of the host.

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