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Routledge German Dictionary of Chemistry and Chemical Technology Worterbuch Chemie und Chemische TechnikVol 1: German-English

Routledge German Dictionary of Chemistry and Chemical Technology Worterbuch Chemie und Chemische TechnikVol 1: German-English

Both volumes of this dictionary consists of some 63 000 and over 100 000 translations from all the main areas of chemistry and chemical technology including: Analytical Chemistry Biochemistry Biotechnology Chromatography Colour Inorganic Chemistry Laboratory techniques Metallurgy & Treatment Organic chemistry Physical chemistry Plastics Process engineering Spectroscopy and Industrial Chemistry.



Organic Sulfur Chemistry

Organic Sulfur Chemistry

This volume contains fundamental knowledge regarding the structure and mechanisms of organic sulfur chemistry. Topics include sulfur bondings effects of sulfur groups stereochemistry around sulfur substitution ligand coupling within s-sulfurane oxidation reduction and rearrangement. References in this work total over 2 300. Anyone with an interest in organic sulfur chemistry will find this book to be fascinating reading.



Algebraic Methods in Quantum Chemistry and Physics

Algebraic Methods in Quantum Chemistry and Physics

Algebraic Methods in Quantum Chemistry and Physics provides straightforward presentations of selected topics in theoretical chemistry and physics including Lie algebras and their applications harmonic oscillators bilinear oscillators perturbation theory numerical solutions of the Schr?dinger equation and parameterizations of the time-evolution operator.The mathematical tools described in this book are presented in a manner that clearly illustrates their application to problems arising in theoretical chemistry and physics. The application techniques are carefully explained with step-by-step instructions that are easy to follow and the results are organized to facilitate both manual and numerical calculations.Algebraic Methods in Quantum Chemistry and Physics demonstrates how to obtain useful analytical results with elementary algebra and calculus and an understanding of basic quantum chemistry and physics.




Encyclopedia of Supramolecular Chemistry - Two-Volume Set (Print)

Encyclopedia of Supramolecular Chemistry - Two-Volume Set (Print)

The two-volume Encyclopedia of Supramolecular Chemistry offers authoritative centralized information on a rapidly expanding interdisciplinary field. User-friendly and high-quality articles parse the latest supramolecular advancements and methods in the areas of chemistry biochemistry biology environmental and materials science and engineering physics computer science and applied mathematics. Designed for specialists and students alike the set covers the fundamentals of supramolecular chemistry and sets the standard for relevant future research.




The Environmental Chemistry of Aluminum

The Environmental Chemistry of Aluminum

The Environmental Chemistry of Aluminum provides a comprehensive fundamental account of the aqueous chemistry of aluminum within an environmental context. An excellent reference for environmental chemists and scientific administrators of environmental programs this book contains material reflecting the many recent changes in this rapidly developing discipline. The first three chapters discuss the most fundamental aspects of aluminum chemistry: its quantitation in soils and natural waters including speciation measurements and its stable chemical forms both as a dissolved solute and in a solid phase. These chapters emphasize both critical assessments of and definitive recommendations for laboratory methodologies and measured thermodynamic properties relating to aluminum chemistry. The next four chapters in The Environmental Chemistry of Aluminum build on this foundation to provide details of the polymeric chemistry of aluminum: its polynuclear and colloidal hydrolytic species in aqueous solution its complexes with natural organic ligands including humic substances and its role as an adsorptive and adsorbent in surface reactions. These chapters are grounded in experimental results rather than conceptual modeling. The final three chapters describe the chemistry of aluminum in soils waters and watersheds. These chapters illustrate the problems of spatial and temporal variability metastability and scale that continue to make aluminum geochemistry one of the great challenges in modern environmental science.




Chemistry of Plant Hormones

Chemistry of Plant Hormones

The chemistry of the five principal plant hormone groups is discussed in detail in this volume. Contributing authors review history and occurrence of each hormone group methods of isolation and detection biosynthesis and metabolism and structural determination. Through these analyses the authors clarify the role of endogenous plant growth regulators in the life cycle of higher plants. The text is supplemented with over 350 figures and structures of various plant hormones.




PhosphorusChemistry  Biochemistry and Technology  Sixth Edition

PhosphorusChemistry Biochemistry and Technology Sixth Edition

Over two decades have passed since the fifth edition of Phosphorus: Chemistry Biochemistry and Technology. Major advances in chemistry materials science electronics and medicine have expanded and clarified the role of phosphorus in both our everyday appliances and groundbreaking research. Significantly expanded updated and reorganized this sixth edition organizes and explains vital phosphorus research and relevant information available in highly specialized reviews and references on select related topics. An authoritative and comprehensive review of phosphorus chemistry and related technology Phosphorus: Chemistry Biochemistry and Technology covers historical academic industrial agricultural military biological and medical aspects of phosphorous. Furthermore it offers a starting point for more extended studies of the highly specialized branches of phosphorus chemistry. Although this book deals with a small fraction of the > 106 known phosphorus compounds it thoroughly covers the simpler derivatives and most key compounds of economic sociological and biological importance. Extensively updated and expanded with tables figures equations structural formulae and references it is ideal for scientists in related fields seeking a rapid introduction to phosphorus chemistry.





Laser Applications in Physical Chemistry

Laser Applications in Physical Chemistry

This book provides an introduction on applications of lasers in Chemistry. It describes laser as a tool for chemistry the consideration involved in describing a laser beam and what happens to beam as it is propagated through a gas. The book is useful for graduates and advanced undergraduates.





Chemistry and Biology of Synthetic Retinoids

Chemistry and Biology of Synthetic Retinoids

The purpose of this book is to present an overview of advances in both retinal and retinoic acid synthetic chemistry and biology. Chapters are written by research workers who are active in these fields. Emphasis is placed on structure-activity relationships. It includes topics of cell differentiation maintenance of cell morphology and vision. This reference contains a special section on assays which were developed to measure retinoid activity. This book is ideal for those interested in the fields of photobiology organic chemistry biological chemistry and nutrition.





Organic Chemistry of Museum Objects

Organic Chemistry of Museum Objects

'The Organic Chemistry of Museum Objects' makes available in a single volume a survey of the chemical composition properties and analysis of the whole range of organic materials incorporated into objects and artworks found in museum collections. The authors cover the fundamental chemistry of the bulk materials such as wood paper natural fibres and skin products as well as that of the relatively minor components incorporated as paint media varnishes adhesives and dyes. This expanded second edition now in paperback follows the structure of the first though it has been extensively updated. In addition to chapters on basic organic chemistry analytical methods analytical findings and fundamental aspects of deterioration the subject matter is grouped as far as possible by broad chemical class - oils and fats waxes bitumens carbohydrates proteins natural resins dyestuffs and synthetic polymers. This is an essential purchase for all practising and student conservators restorers museum scientists curators and organic chemists.





The Chemistry of Cereal Proteins

The Chemistry of Cereal Proteins

In the past decade since the first edition was published the study of cereal protein chemistry has grown and changed. New separation techniques have been introduced while the application of achievements of molecular biology and genetic engineering of proteins has progressed dramatically. This new edition includes these advances and updates the chemistry of cereal proteins for all specialists working in theory and practice of cereal grain production and processing.





Chemistry & Physics of CarbonVolume 31

Chemistry & Physics of CarbonVolume 31

Written by distinguished researchers the long-running Chemistry and Physics of Carbon series provides a comprehensive and critical overview of carbon materials in terms of molecular structure intermolecular relationships bulk and surface properties and their behavior in current and emerging applications. Volume 31 not only retains the high-quality content and reputation of previous volumes but also complements them with reliable and timely coverage of the latest advances in the field. Maintaining the high level established by its predecessors this book contains a prestigious and authoritative series of review chapters covering both chemistry and physics of carbon. The book examines properties and behavior of carbon materials ranging from coal to graphite from activated carbons chars cokes and carbon blacks to carbon fibers fullerenes nanotubes and graphene. It complements previous volumes in the series by presenting updated information on ?disordered? carbons a complex field that impacts nearly all aspects of carbon materials research. It includes a chapter on novel methods of characterization of carbon materials using ever more powerful techniques as well as a chapter on the use of carbon materials in photocatalysis a fast-moving and potentially exciting application. Emphasizing key experimental results and practical aspects as well as important theoretical issues in every chapter Volume 31 is a vital resource for those engaged in developing new technologies in a wide range of applicability of traditional and novel carbon materials from drug delivery to energy storage and conversion.





Chemistry & Physics of CarbonVolume 23

Chemistry & Physics of CarbonVolume 23

This book presents authoritative interdisciplinary coverage of contemporary topics in the field of carbon chemistry and physics and clearly shows the diversity and universality of carbon research. It is useful for readers working in the general area of carbon adsorbents.





Handbook of Poylmer-Liquid Interaction Parameters and Solubility Parameters

Handbook of Poylmer-Liquid Interaction Parameters and Solubility Parameters

Now available for the first time this valuable reference presents polymer solubility parameters and various polymer-liquid interaction parameters in an easy-to-use form. It critically evaluates and comprehensively compiles data from original sources. It presents these quantities polymer-by-polymer alphabetically by polymer common chemical name fully cross-referenced by systematic chemical names alternative names and trade names. This one-of-a-kind handbook summarizes the relationship between the various quantities and their methods of determination. This resource is an absolute must for all who are interested in the chemical industry specifically polymer chemistry chemical engineering applied chemistry and physical chemistry.





Polyimide MembranesApplications  Fabrications and Properties

Polyimide MembranesApplications Fabrications and Properties

This is a first attempt to provide a general analysis of developments in polyimide membrane synthesis and applications. It will serve as a valuable reference for those with an interest in synthesis of polyimides the chemistry and physical chemistry of polyimide compounds the separation properties of membranes and in their preparation and application. It is intended as a summary of the current status of polyimide membrane research for the specialist as well as a teaching aid for graduate studies in polymer chemistry. The authors collaboration demonstrates the high level of scientific research in Russia and the active development of applied research in Japan.





Szycher's Dictionary of Biomaterials and Medical Devices

Szycher's Dictionary of Biomaterials and Medical Devices

This dictionary contains thousands of definitions from various related disciplines and minimizes the need for several dictionaries. The book defines everything from AAMI (Association for the Advancement of Medical Instrumentation) to zymogen (proenzyme). The editor an internationally recognized expert in the area of biomaterials has combined knowledge from the fields of medicine pharmacology physiology polymer chemistry biochemistry metallurgy and organic chemistry.





Handbook of Sustainable PolymersStructure and Chemistry

Handbook of Sustainable PolymersStructure and Chemistry

Sustainable polymers play an indispensable role in the emergence of green materials and the 21st century is an era of sustainable polymeric materials. Sustainable polymer?based materials have attracted considerable interest because of the energy crisis and ecological concerns as well as the potential to substitute certain petroleum-derived materials. This book covers the fundamentals of sustainable polymers and presents guidelines in a logical and clear manner for students and researchers to follow. It is a milestone that will help accelerate the progress and advancement in the field of sustainable polymers. The text explores the structure and chemistry of various sustainable polymers such as cellulose hemicellulose lignin chitosan starch guar gum pectin and protein for the possible development of green sustainable materials.





Toxic Metal Chemistry in Marine Environments

Toxic Metal Chemistry in Marine Environments

Presents an integrated chemical behavior of selected toxic metals: arsenic cadmium chromium copper mercury and lead. All important processes that may affect their marine chemistry are discussed. Thermodynamic calculations are performed to propose the most probable route of chemical behavior.





Physics and Chemistry of Photochromic Glasses

Physics and Chemistry of Photochromic Glasses

Photochromic glasses are among the most widespread types of glasses due largely to their popular use in sunglasses. These glasses are used not only in sunglasses but also in various opto-electronic devices that have been developed and produced throughout the world. Until now information about photochromic glasses has been widely dispersed in the literature much of which was published in Russian and therefore of limited accessibility to the Western world. Physics and Chemistry of Photochromic Glasses brings together the combined knowledge and understanding of photochromic glasses from these publications. Coverage includes the structure optical properties coloration and bleaching mechanisms technology and metrology of these interesting materials.





The Symmetric Group in Quantum Chemistry

The Symmetric Group in Quantum Chemistry

This is the first book to provide comprehensive treatment of the use of the symmetric group in quantum chemical structures of atoms molecules and solids. It begins with the conventional Slater determinant approach and proceeds to the basics of the symmetric group and the construction of spin eigenfunctions. The heart of the book is in the chapter dealing with spin-free quantum chemistry showing the great interpretation value of this method. The last three chapters include the unitary group approach the symmetric group approach and the spin-coupled valence bond method. An extensive bibliography concludes the book.





The Chemistry and Technology of Petroleum

The Chemistry and Technology of Petroleum

With demand for petroleum products increasing worldwide there is a tendency for existing refineries to seek new approaches to optimize efficiency and throughput. In addition changes in product specifications due to environmental regulations greatly influence the development of petroleum refining technologies. These factors underlie the need for this fifth edition of The Chemistry and Technology of Petroleum which continues in the tradition of the bestselling fourth edition proving readers with a detailed overview of the chemistry and technology of petroleum as it evolves into the twenty-first century.The new edition has been updated with the latest developments in the refining industry including new processes as well as updates on evolving processes and various environmental regulations. The book covers issues related to economics and future refineries examines the changing character of refinery feedstock and offers new discussions on environmental aspects of refining. It contains more than 300 figures and tables including chemical structures and process flow sheets.A useful reference for scientists and engineers in the petroleum industry as well as in the catalyst manufacturing industry this book introduces readers to the science and technology of petroleum beginning with its formation in the ground and culminating in the production of a wide variety of products and petrochemical intermediates.





Chemistry and Biochemistry of FlavoenzymesVolume I

Chemistry and Biochemistry of FlavoenzymesVolume I

Chemistry and Biochemistry of Flavoenzymes summarizes the present knowledge of the chemical and physical properties of free flavin modified flavins occurring in nature and deazaflavin. This information forms the fundamental basis for understanding the catalytic properties of flavoenzymes. Flavoproteins involved in transport electron transfer oxidation dehydrogenation and hydroxylation reactions are discussed with respect to their biochemical and biophysical properties. The book presents the catalytic mechanisms of the flavoproteins in detail and where available three-dimensional structures and molecular biology data are included. The medical aspects of free and protein-bound flavin are also briefly discussed. Chemistry and Biochemistry of Flavoenzymes is an essential reference source for chemists biochemists toxicologists biologists pharmacologists and researchers in the pharmaceutical industry.





Chemistry and Biochemistry of FlavoenzymesVolume II

Chemistry and Biochemistry of FlavoenzymesVolume II

Chemistry and Biochemistry of Flavoenzymes summarizes the present knowledge of the chemical and physical properties of free flavin modified flavins occurring in nature and deazaflavin. This information forms the fundamental basis for understanding the catalytic properties of flavoenzymes. Flavoproteins involved in transport electron transfer oxidation dehydrogenation and hydroxylation reactions are discussed with respect to their biochemical and biophysical properties. The book presents the catalytic mechanisms of the flavoproteins in detail and where available three-dimensional structures and molecular biology data are included. The medical aspects of free and protein-bound flavin are also briefly discussed. Chemistry and Biochemistry of Flavoenzymes is an essential reference source for chemists biochemists toxicologists biologists pharmacologists and researchers in the pharmaceutical industry.





Chemistry and Biochemistry of FlavoenzymesVolume III

Chemistry and Biochemistry of FlavoenzymesVolume III

Chemistry and Biochemistry of Flavoenzymes summarizes the present knowledge of the chemical and physical properties of free flavin modified flavins occurring in nature and deazaflavin. This information forms the fundamental basis for understanding the catalytic properties of flavoenzymes. Flavoproteins involved in transport electron transfer oxidation dehydrogenation and hydroxylation reactions are discussed with respect to their biochemical and biophysical properties. The book presents the catalytic mechanisms of the flavoproteins in detail and where available three-dimensional structures and molecular biology data are included. The medical aspects of free and protein-bound flavin are also briefly discussed. Chemistry and Biochemistry of Flavoenzymes is an essential reference source for chemists biochemists toxicologists biologists pharmacologists and researchers in the pharmaceutical industry.





Muon ScienceMuons in Physics  Chemistry and Materials

Muon ScienceMuons in Physics Chemistry and Materials

Muon science is rapidly assuming a central role in scientific and technological studies of the solid state within the disciplines of physics chemistry and materials science. Muon Science: Muons in Physics Chemistry and Materials presents key developments in both theoretical and experimental aspects of muon spin relaxation rotation and resonance. Assuming no prior expertise in muon science the book guides readers from introductory material to the latest developments in the field. The internationally renowned expert contributors cover topics in muon instrumentation and muon science applications that include muon production beamlines and instrumentation muonium chemistry muon catalyzed fusion fundamental muon physics ultra-cold muons magnetism superconductivity diffusion semiconductors simulations and data analysis. The book maintains consistent notation and nomenclature throughout as well as cross-referencing and continuity between the contributions. It provides an excellent introduction to both new and experienced muon beam scientists and graduate students wishing to develop their knowledge and understanding of the subject.




Lubricant AdditivesChemistry and Applications  Third Edition

Lubricant AdditivesChemistry and Applications Third Edition

This indispensable book describes lubricant additives their synthesis chemistry and mode of action. All important areas of application are covered detailing which lubricants are needed for a particular application. Laboratory and field performance data for each application is provided and the design of cost-effective environmentally friendly technologies is fully explored. This edition includes new chapters on chlorohydrocarbons foaming chemistry and physics antifoams for nonaqueous lubricants hydrogenated styrene?diene viscosity modifiers alkylated aromatics and the impact of REACh and GHS on the lubricant industry.




Handbook of TerpenoidsVolume II

Handbook of TerpenoidsVolume II

A compilation of all the known information on terpenoids specifically triterpenoids is presented in these volumes. The most important available information on a particular compound is discussed such as its isolation/occurence available spectral data and leading references on structural determination. Additionally triterpenoids synthesis biosynthesis proven pharmacological properties and any known applications are explained. A comprehensive general introduction has been included which surveys the development of triterpenoid chemistry from the beginning to the present. Extremely helpful is the selected list of references to books and reviews dealing with various aspects of triterpenoid chemistry.




Organophosphorus Pesticides

Organophosphorus Pesticides

In order to get a general concept of organophosphorus pesticides with such a variety in structure and biological activities consideration of each aspect of chemistry biochemistry and the applied sciences is necessary. This book consists of these three main parts. After the presentation of the background of phosphorus chemistry in Chapter 1 stress was put on the chemical and biochemical reactions of organophosphorus pesticides including synthesis analysis metabolism mode of action and other interesting aspects in Chapter 2 to 4 and on the structure-pesticidal activity relationship in Chapter 5.




Food Analysis by HPLC

Food Analysis by HPLC

For food scientists high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) is a powerful tool for product composition testing and assuring product quality. Since the last edition of this volume was published great strides have been made in HPLC analysis techniques?with particular attention given to miniaturization automatization and green chemistry. Thoroughly updated and revised Food Analysis by HPLC Third Edition offers practical and immediately applicable information on all major topics of food components analyzable by HPLC. Maintaining the rigorous standards that made the previous editions so successful and lauded by food scientists worldwide this third edition examines: Recent trends in HPLC HPLC separation techniques for amino acids peptides proteins neutral lipids phospholipids carbohydrates alcohols vitamins and organic acids HPLC analysis techniques for sweeteners colorants preservatives and antioxidants HPLC determinations of residues of mycotoxins antimicrobials carbamates organochlorines organophosphates herbicides fungicides and nitrosamines HPLC determinations of residues of growth promoters endocrine disrupting chemicals polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons polychlorinated biphenyls and dioxins HPLC applications for the analysis of phenolic compounds anthocyanins betalains organic bases anions and cations Presenting specific and practical applications to food chemistry the contributors provide detailed and systematic instructions on sample preparation and separation conditions. The book is an essential reference for those in the fields of chromatography analytical chemistry and especially food chemistry and food technology.




Electroanalytical ChemistryA Series of Advances: Volume 16

Electroanalytical ChemistryA Series of Advances: Volume 16

This volume provides authoritative reviews in the field of modern electroanalytical chemistry defined in its broadest sense. It is valuable to practicing analytical chemists interested in learning about and applying electroanalytical techniques.




Applied Chemistry and Chemical Engineering  5-Volume Set

Applied Chemistry and Chemical Engineering 5-Volume Set

This new five-volume set brings together innovative research new concepts and novel developments in applied chemistry and chemical engineering. It covers an array of topics with the volumes covering: Mathematical and Analytical Techniques Principles Methodology and Evaluation Methods Interdisciplinary Approaches to Theory and Modeling with Applications Experimental Techniques and Methodical Developments Research Methodologies in Modern Chemistry and Applied Science Volume 1 addresses new informatics tools for applied chemistry and computer science. It presents a modern approach to modeling and calculation and also looks at experimental design in applied chemistry and chemical engineering. The volume discusses the developments of advanced chemical products and respective tools to characterize and predict the chemical material properties and behavior. Volume 2 focuses on three main aspects: principles methodology and evaluation methods. It presents a selection of chapters on recent developments of theoretical mathematical and computational conceptions as well as chapters on modeling and simulation of specific research themes covering applied chemistry and chemical engineering. This book attempts to bridge the gap between classical analysis and modern applications. Volume 3 reviews introduces and develops the mathematical models that are most frequently encountered in sophisticated chemical engineering domains. The volume provides a collection of models illustrating the power and richness of the mathematical sciences in supplying insight into the operation of important real-world systems. It fills a gap within modeling texts focusing on applications across a broad range of disciplines. Volume 4 provides a detailed yet easy-to-follow treatment of various techniques useful for characterizing the structure and properties of engineering materials. This timely volume provides an overview of new methods and presents experimental research in applied chemistry using modern approaches. Each chapter describes the principle of the respective method as well as the detailed procedures of experiments with examples of actual applications and then goes on to demonstrate the advantage and disadvantages of each physical technique. Thus readers will be able to apply the concepts as described in the book to their own experiments. Volume 5 is designed to fulfill the requirements of scientists and engineers who wish to be able to carry out experimental research in chemistry and applied science using modern methods. Each chapter describes the principle of the respective method as well as the detailed procedures of experiments with examples of actual applications. Thus readers will be able to apply the concepts as described in the book to their own experiments.




Organozinc Reagents in Organic Synthesis

Organozinc Reagents in Organic Synthesis

Organozinc reagents are used extensively in organic synthesis to find useful pathways to organic products. Illustrated and tabulated with over 950 equations schemes tables and figures Organozinc Reagents in Organic Synthesis provides an overall picture of the chemistry of organozinc compounds. Written by a professor of organic chemistry the book familiarizes the reader with the reactions involving organozinc reagents that have general usefulness in synthesis. Emphasis is placed on preparation methods and reactivity of organozinc reagents. Reactions are summarized in equations and schemes making it easy for you to see the characteristics of each type of reaction.




Advances in ChromatographyVolume 20

Advances in ChromatographyVolume 20

This book provides up-to-date information on a wide range of developments in chromatographic methods and applications. It also presents timely cutting-edge reviews in the fields of bio- analytical organic polymer and pharmaceutical chemistry.




Advances in ChromatographyVolume 28

Advances in ChromatographyVolume 28

This book provides the most up-to-date information on a wide range of developments in chromatographic methods and applications. It presents timely cutting-edge reviews in the fields of bio- analytical organic polymer and pharmaceutical chemistry.




Trace Analysis with Microcolumn Liquid Chromatography

Trace Analysis with Microcolumn Liquid Chromatography

This book provides a detailed description of technical elements of a microbore column liquid chromatograph suitable for use in trace analysis. It presents examples of analyses especially from the spheres of biochemistry pharmacology and environmental analytical chemistry.




The Chemistry and Physics of Engineering MaterialsTwo Volume Set

The Chemistry and Physics of Engineering MaterialsTwo Volume Set

This two-volume set focuses on the chemistry and physics of engineering materials that have potential for applications in several disciplines of engineering and science. Contributions range from new methods to novel applications of existing methods. Volume 1 addresses modern analytic methodologies while Volume 2 focuses on the limitations properties and models of materials. The collection of topics in these volumes reflect the diversity of recent advances in chemistry and physics of engineering materials with a broad perspective that will be useful for scientists as well as for graduate students and engineers. This new two-volume set presents leading-edge research from around the world.




Charge Transfer in Physics  Chemistry and BiologyPhysical Mechanisms of Elementary Processes and an Introduction to the Theory

Charge Transfer in Physics Chemistry and BiologyPhysical Mechanisms of Elementary Processes and an Introduction to the Theory

This book covers the various processes of charge transfer in physics chemistry and biology and shows the similarities and differences between them. It focuses on the physical mechanisms of the elementary processes to demonstrate their common physical nature.




Advances in ChromatographyVolume 24

Advances in ChromatographyVolume 24

This book provides the most up-to-date information on a wide range of developments in chromatographic methods and applications. It also presents timely cutting-edge reviews in the fields of bio- analytical organic polymer and pharmaceutical chemistry.




Biological Inhibitors

Biological Inhibitors

This book a part of the series Studies in Medicinal Chemistry details the biological inhibitors that reflect drug discovery in treating human diseases including cardiovascular nervous inflammatory hormonal and metabolic processes. Compounds for fungal diseases and HIV/AIDS are also covered.




Advances in ChromatographyVolume 19

Advances in ChromatographyVolume 19

This book provides up-to-date information on a wide range of developments in liquid gel permeation and hydrophobic interaction chromatographic methods and applications. It presents cutting-edge reviews in the fields of bio- analytical organic polymer and pharmaceutical chemistry.




The Lactoperoxidase SystemChemistry and Biological Significance

The Lactoperoxidase SystemChemistry and Biological Significance

This book reviews the major biochemical and biological properties of the lactoperoxidase system including both the bovine milk and human salivary enzymes. It focuses on the basic chemistry of peroxidase-catalyzed reactions and clinical applications of peroxide system antimicrobial effects.




High Solids Alkyd Resins

High Solids Alkyd Resins

This book covers the chemistry of high solids compositions and focuses on the binder component and on the solvent. It discusses factors controlling the viscosity and the solid content of alkyd resins. The book describes different approaches to preparing high solid alkyds.




Fundamentals of Radiochemistry

Fundamentals of Radiochemistry

Fundamentals of Radiochemistry presents a comprehensive overview of the principles objectives and methods of radiochemistry and how they are applied in various fields of chemistry. Topics covered include characteristics of radioactivity and radioactive matter the chemistry of ephemeral radionuclides actinides of high atomic number positronium and physicochemical behavior of systems containing one or more compounds at tracer or sub-tracer concentration. Numerous appendices are included to provide additional detail to information presented in chapters. Because Fundamentals of Radiochemistry is the first book to discuss what chemical information can be obtained with sub-tracer amounts it is essential reading for inorganic chemists radiochemists analytical chemists nuclear chemists and others interested in the topic.




Concepts and Methods in Modern Theoretical Chemistry  Two Volume Set

Concepts and Methods in Modern Theoretical Chemistry Two Volume Set

Concepts and Methods in Modern Theoretical Chemistry Two-Volume Set focuses on the structure and dynamics of systems and phenomena. A new addition to the series Atoms Molecules and Clusters the two books offer chapters written by experts in their fields. They enable readers to learn how concepts from ab initio quantum chemistry density functional theory (DFT) and molecular simulation can be used to describe understand and predict electronic structure chemical reactivity and dynamics.The first book focuses on the electronic structure and reactivity of many-electron systems and the second book deals with the statistical mechanical treatment of collections of such systems. Concepts and Methods in Modern Theoretical Chemistry: Electronic Structure and Reactivity includes articles on DFT particularly the functional and conceptual aspects excited states molecular electrostatic potentials intermolecular interactions general theoretical aspects application to molecules clusters and solids electronic stress the information theory the virial theorem new periodic tables the role of the ionization potential electron affinity difference and more.Concepts and Methods in Modern Theoretical Chemistry: Statistical Mechanics includes chapters on time-dependent DFT quantum fluid dynamics (QFD) photodynamic control nonlinear dynamics molecules in laser fields charge carrier mobility excitation energy transfer chemical reactions quantum Brownian motion the third law of thermodynamics transport properties and nucleation. Although most of the chapters are written at a level that is accessible to a senior graduate student experienced researchers will also find interesting new insights in these experts? perspectives. This comprehensive set provides an invaluable guide toward understanding the whole gamut of atoms molecules and clusters.




Organic Molecular SolidsProperties and Applications

Organic Molecular SolidsProperties and Applications

Interest in organic molecular solids extends to a range of fields including chemistry physics electrical engineering and materials science. In chemistry it applies to such topics as solid state reactivity crystal engineering theoretical approaches to crystal structure determination and morphology control. In physics electrical engineering and materials science the possibility of producing organic-based materials (such as crystals polymers thin films or liquid crystals) with potential electronic opto-electronic and magnetic uses is a major area of current research interest throughout the world. Organic Molecular Solids examines the uses of organic-based materials over a wide range of applications and interests. Each chapter surveys a relevant topic providing appropriate introductory background information and modern developments.




Functional FoodsBiochemical and Processing Aspects  Volume 2

Functional FoodsBiochemical and Processing Aspects Volume 2

Building upon the success of the bestselling first volume Functional Foods: Biochemical and Processing Aspects Volume II explores new sources of nutraceutical and functional food ingredients and addresses crucial issues for product development and processing. It presents the latest developments in the chemistry biochemistry pharmacology epidem




CRC Handbook of Ion Exchange Resins  Volume VI

CRC Handbook of Ion Exchange Resins Volume VI

The six-volume CRC Handbook of Ion Exchange Resins reviews the application of ion exchange resins to inorganic analytical chemistry. Extracted from over 6 000 original publications it presents the information in over 1 000 tables complemented by concise descriptions of analytical methods involving virtually all the elements of the periodic table. Also the ion exchange characteristics of the elements as well as other important information required by analysis using ion exchange resins are presented in separate tables. The methods that allow the multi-element analysis of complex matrices are emphasized. This work includes a general discussion of the theoretical instrumental and other principles underlying the various applications of ion exchange resins in inorganic analytical chemistry with special attention focused on techniques based on ion chromatography.




Pharmaceutical Applications of Membrane Sensors

Pharmaceutical Applications of Membrane Sensors

A one-of-a-kind book discussing drug-membrane sensors in pharmaceutical analysisPharmaceutical Applications of Membrane Sensors is the first book to deal with the theory of drug-membrane sensors as well as applications of such devices in pharmaceutical analysis. The book contains three main parts. The three major sections of the book cover the design and principles of membrane drug sensors the use of membrane sensors in the analysis of pharmaceuticals and various aspects of drug release monitoring by membrane sensors. Detailed analytical methods for more than 400 organic pharmaceuticals assayed by membrane sensor techniques are presented.Pharmaceutical Applications of Membrane Sensors will be a valuable reference for specialists in analytical and pharmaceutical chemistry electroanalytical chemistry medicine pharmaceutical sciences and pharmacology.




Routledge French Technical Dictionary Dictionnaire technique anglaisVolume 2 English-French/anglais-francais

Routledge French Technical Dictionary Dictionnaire technique anglaisVolume 2 English-French/anglais-francais

The French-English volume of this highly acclaimed set consists of some 100 000 keywords in both French and English drawn from the whole range of modern applied science and technical terminology. Covers over 70 subject areas from engineering and chemistry to packaging transportation data processing and much more.




Boron ScienceNew Technologies and Applications

Boron ScienceNew Technologies and Applications

Boron has made a significant impact in our lives through its quiet use in fertilizers fungicides soaps detergents and heat-resistant glassware. Boron Science: New Technologies and Applications addresses the applications of boron in chemistry industry medicine and pharmacology by explaining its role in problems such as catalysis and hydrobora




Boron ScienceNew Technologies and Applications

Boron ScienceNew Technologies and Applications

Boron has made a significant impact in our lives through its quiet use in fertilizers fungicides soaps detergents and heat-resistant glassware. Boron Science: New Technologies and Applications addresses the applications of boron in chemistry industry medicine and pharmacology by explaining its role in problems such as catalysis and hydrobora




Rheological Properties of Cosmetics and Toiletries

Rheological Properties of Cosmetics and Toiletries

This volume in the Cosmetic Science and Technology series covers the important rheological aspects of cosmetic and toiletry formulations including theoretical physical chemistry instrumentation and measuring techniques raw materials and stability predictions. The work discusses the specific rheological requirements of nail polish antipersirants and deodorants dentifrices hair care products creams and lotions.




CytokininsChemistry  Activity  and Function

CytokininsChemistry Activity and Function

Cytokinins are hormones involved in all aspects of plant growth and development and are essential for in vitro manipulation of plant cells and tissues. Much information has been gathered regarding the chemistry and biology of cytokinins while recent studies have focused on the genetics and cytokinin-related genes. However other than proceedings of symposia no single volume on cytokinins has been written. This book is the first of its kind homing in on the key subject areas of cytokinin-chemistry biosynthesis metabolism activity function genetics and analyses. These areas are comprehensively reviewed in individual chapters by experts currently active in the field. In addition a personal history on the discovery of cytokinin is presented by Professor Folke Skoog. This volume summarizes previous findings and identifies future research directions.




Engineering Aspects of Food Emulsification and Homogenization

Engineering Aspects of Food Emulsification and Homogenization

Emulsions are found in a wide variety of food products pharmaceuticals paints and cosmetics thus emulsification is a truly multidisciplinary phenomenon. Therefore understanding of the process must evolve from the combination of (at least) three different scientific specializations. Engineering Aspects of Food Emulsification and Homogenization describes the state-of-the-art technology and brings together aspects from physical chemistry fluid mechanics and chemical engineering. The book explores the unit operations used in emulsification and homogenization processes using fundamental theory from different fields to discuss design and function of different emulsification techniques. This book summarizes the present understanding of the involved physical?chemical processes as well as specific information about the limits and possibilities for the different types of emulsifying equipment. It covers colloidal chemistry and engineering aspects of emulsification and discusses high-energy and low-energy emulsification methods. The chapters highlight low-energy emulsification processes such as membrane emulsification that are now industrially feasible. Dramatically more energy-efficient processes are being developed and this book clarifies their present limitations such us scale-up and achievable droplet sizes. The present literature on emulsification is to a large degree influenced by the division between physical chemistry fluid dynamics and chemical engineering. Written by experts drawn from academia and industry this book brings those areas together to provide a comprehensive resource that gives a deeper understanding of emulsification and homogenization in food product development.




Chemical Ionization Mass Spectrometry

Chemical Ionization Mass Spectrometry

The only comprehensive guide to CIMS applications in structural elucidation and analytical studiesChemical Ionization Mass Spectrometry 2nd Edition provides a comprehensive up-to-date review of CIMS applications in structural elucidation and quantitative analytical studies. For the benefit of readers without a background in gaseous ion chemistry a thorough review is presented in Chapter 2. Other chapters discuss such topics as reagent ion systems within the context of the thermochemistry and kinetics of the ionization process including reactions and the type of information obtained; isotopic exchange reactions; stereochemical effects in chemical ionization; and reactive ion/molecule collisions in quadrupole cells. Chemical ionization mass spectra of 13 classes of compounds are discussed in detail to illustrate the influence of different functional groups on the spectra observed. Chemical Ionization Mass Spectrometry 2nd Edition will be a valuable reference for anyone interested in mass spectrometry and gaseous ion chemistry in general.




Pressure-Sensitive Formulation

Pressure-Sensitive Formulation

Growing interest in the formulation of pressure-sensitive adhesives as described in the first edition of this book ( Pressure-Sensitive Formulation VSP 2000) required a new enlarged edition including the design of pressure-sensitive adhesives as a separate volume. Developments in the understanding of pressure sensitivity were necessary to use macromolecular chemistry for pressure-sensitive design. Such developments include polymer physics and contact mechanics. Progress in coating technology especially in in-line coating- and synthesis opened new ways for the design of pressure-sensitive adhesives and products as well. Actually pressure-sensitive-products with and without adhesives compete requiring a broad variety of material formulations and the corresponding manufacturing technology. The first volume of the book examines the theoretical aspects of pressure-sensitive design based on macromolecular chemistry macromolecular physics rheology and contact mechanics. The second volume describes the practical aspects of pressure-sensitive design and formulation related to product application. The advances in the various domains are described by specialists.




Polysaccharides in Medicinal Applications

Polysaccharides in Medicinal Applications

Integrates the latest advances in polysaccharide chemistry and structure analysis with the practical applications of polysaccharides in medicine and pharmacy highlighting the role of glycoconjugates in basic biological processes and immunology. It also presents recent developments in glycobiology and glycopathology. The work covers bacterial fungal and cell-wall polysaccharides microbial and bacterial exopolysaccharides industrial gums the biosynthesis of bacterial polysaccharides and the production of microbial polysaccharides.




Ewing's Analytical Instrumentation Handbook  Fourth Edition

Ewing's Analytical Instrumentation Handbook Fourth Edition

This handbook is a guide for workers in analytical chemistry who need a starting place for information about a specific instrumental technique. It gives a basic introduction to the techniques and provides leading references on the theory and methodology for an instrumental technique. This edition thoroughly expands and updates the chapters to include concepts applications and key references from recent literature. It also contains a new chapter on process analytical technology.




Reaction Detection in Liquid Chromatography

Reaction Detection in Liquid Chromatography

The first book to focus entirely on reactions for analyte detection and characterization Reaction Detection in Liquid Chromatography depicts off- and on-line pre- and postcolumnapproaches that have been successfully used for many classes of compounds bothorganic and inorganic in high performance liquid chromatography.The book gives special attention to methods and instrumentation associated with postcolumnreaction detection discussing theory background principles and equations .. .and also highlights major areas of reaction chemistry such as immobilized ( or solution)enzymatic reactions homogenous solution chemistry photochemical derivation pairedionreagents solid phase and solid supported reagents and reactions for inorganic species.In addition Reaction Detection in liquid Chromatography details the efficiencies of thevarious reactions surveyed ... forecasts how the utility of each reaction is likely to be enhancedby new research ... and gives data that will allow the reader to reproducereaction-detection approaches for new analytes and samples.Reaction Detection in Liquid Chromatography is essential reading for analytical bioanalytical quality control and research and development chemists. It also comprises a finereference for analysts involved in development and applications of liquid chromatographyfor specific qualitative and quantitative analyte identification; and in-house professionalseminars.




Chemical Modification of Lignocellulosic Materials

Chemical Modification of Lignocellulosic Materials

This volume emphasizes the growing need for wood products with advanced engineering properties. It details the fundamental principles of cellulose technology and presents current techniques to modifying the basic chemistry of lignocellulosic materials. The work: discusses the cost-efficient use of cellulose derivatives in a variety of commodities; highlights the chemical modification of wood by methods such as etherification esterification and thermoplasticization; considers recent progress in the lignocellulosic liquefaction of wood; and more.




On Functions and Functional Equations

On Functions and Functional Equations

On Functions and Functional Equations introduces the main topics in iteration theory and the theory of functional equations with emphasis on applications in the fields of mathematics physics biology chemistry and electronics and mechanical engineering. The book contains many classical results as well as important more recent results. It also includes numerous exercise and some problems that have yet to be resolved. The book is accessible to readers having a secondary level mathematical education.




Carbon Nanomaterials Sourcebook  Two-Volume Set

Carbon Nanomaterials Sourcebook Two-Volume Set

This two-volume sourcebook is the most comprehensive reference for carbon nanomaterials bringing together the physics chemistry materials science molecular biology and engineering of all carbon nanomaterial types that are important in electronics energy biomedical and environmental applications. Each chapter addresses the fundamental properties growth mechanisms processing and functionalization of a particular nanocarbon. The first volume covers graphene fullerenes nanotubes and nanodiamonds. The second volume focuses on nanoparticles nanocapsules nanofibers nanoporous structures and nanocomposites.




Handbook of Flexible and Stretchable Electronics

Handbook of Flexible and Stretchable Electronics

Flexibility and stretchability of electronics are crucial for next generation electronic devices that involve skin contact sensing and therapeutic actuation. This handbook provides a complete entr?e to the field from solid-state physics to materials chemistry processing devices performance and reliability testing and integrated systems development. This work shows how microelectronics signal processing and wireless communications in the same circuitry are impacting electronics healthcare and energy applications. Key Features: ? Covers the fundamentals to device applications including solid-state and mechanics chemistry materials science characterization techniques and fabrication; ? Offers a comprehensive base of knowledge for moving forward in this field from foundational research to technology development; ? Focuses on processing characterization and circuits and systems integration for device applications; ? Addresses the basic physical properties and mechanics as well as the nuts and bolts of reliability and performance analysis; ? Discusses various technology applications from printed electronics to logic and memory devices sensors actuators displays and energy storage and harvesting. This handbook will serve as the one-stop knowledge base for readership who are interested in flexible and stretchable electronics.




Handbook of TerpenoidsVolume I: Triterpenoids

Handbook of TerpenoidsVolume I: Triterpenoids

This Handbook pinpoints salient features of known information about Terpenoids in a readily accessible and readable format. Terpenoids have singularly enriched organic chemistry by its variety of structural types by its wealth ofunexpected reactions rearrangements and spectral features and by offering exciting targets for synthesis. Much imaginative experimental work has been invested in exploring their natural pathways. Recent years have revealed an increasingly important biological and ecological role for several of its members.




FoamsTheory: Measurements: Applications

FoamsTheory: Measurements: Applications

This volume discusses the physics and physical processes of foam and foaming. It delineates various measurement techniques for characterizing foams and foam properties as well as the chemistry and application of foams. The use of foams in the textile industry personal care products enhanced oil recovery firefighting and mineral floatation are highlighted and the connection between the microstructure and physical properties of foam are detailed. Coverage includes nonaqueous foams and silicone antifoams and more.




Zeolite CatalystsPrinciples and Applications

Zeolite CatalystsPrinciples and Applications

Presented in an easy-to-read form this book on zeolite catalysis cover all aspects of the subject. It focuses on synthesis structure diffusion deactivation and industrial applications. This book is an ideal text for courses on catalysis or as a supplementary text for those studying applied or industrial chemistry. It is also a useful resource for anyone who works with zeolites as catalysts in the laboratory pilot plants or commercial installations.




Ap4a and Other Dinucleoside Polyphosphates

Ap4a and Other Dinucleoside Polyphosphates

Ap4A and Other Dinucleoside Polyphosphates is the first compilation of contributions from major investigators involved in studying the chemistry and biology of dinucleoside polyphosphates. The book features reviews and original research (including unpublished and anecdotal material) covering the whole area of dinucleoside polyphosphate research from its inception to the present day. Ap4A and Other Dinucleoside Polyphosphates will be a useful reference for biological scientists studying nucleotide metabolism cell signalling DNA replication and repair and cellular response to stress.




CRC Handbook of Nuts

CRC Handbook of Nuts

Over one hundred of the world's most important species of nuts are systematically accounted in this informative handbook. The text defines nuts and discusses their economic and nutritional value. For easy reference; there is an illustrated account of each nut by species arranged alphabetically by scientific name. Each account includes the family name several colloquial names and paragraphs on uses folk medicine chemistry germplasm distribution ecol-ogy cultivation harvesting yields energy and biotic factors.Chapters Describe:UsesFolk medicineChemistryGermplasmDistributionEcologyCultivationHarvestingYields and economicsEnergyBiotic factors




Microfiltration and UltrafiltrationPrinciples and Applications

Microfiltration and UltrafiltrationPrinciples and Applications

Integrates knowledge on microfiltration and ultrification membrane chemistry and characterization methods with the engineering and economic aspects of device performance device and module design processes and applications. The text provides a discussion of membrane fundamentals and an analytical framework for designing and developing new filtrations systems for a broad range of technologically important functions. It offers information on membrane liquid precursors fractal and stochastic pore space analysis novel and advanced module designs and original process design calculations.




Food as MedicineFunctional Food Plants of Africa

Food as MedicineFunctional Food Plants of Africa

This comprehensive book documents African plants used for functional and medicinal foods. It contains more than 60 detailed monographs of African foods describing foods with various characteristics such as prebiotic probiotic satiety immune modulation stress-reduction sports performance mental acuity sleep-supporting metabolic syndrome antioxidant and unsaturated fats. Plant description botanical names and synonyms plant part used habitat and distribution folk use nutritional content and chemistry are all fully detailed. The book highlights indigenous African food processing technologies up to the modern era.




Fat AbsorptionVolume I

Fat AbsorptionVolume I

This book provides an authoritative and comprehensive source of information on the biochemical an metabolic aspects of digestion and absorption of different dietary fats and other lipids with minimal discussion of the physical chemistry of the process which has been covered in great detail in previous reviews. It is intended for both researchers and practitioners in the biomedical field who require detailed knowledge of the biomedical and metabolic transformations involed in the intestinal digestion and resynthesis of dietary fats and other lipids.




Chemoattractant Ligands and Their Receptors

Chemoattractant Ligands and Their Receptors

Chemoattractant Ligands and Their Receptors succinctly summarizes cutting-edge research in the important area of chemoattraction in immunology. It explains how chemoattractant molecules mobilize immune cells to ward off attack by invading pathogens both at a molecular and at a cellular level. Written by acknowledged experts in the field it contains detailed molecular and structural information on each of the major chemoattractants and their receptors. Its unique multidisciplinary approach encompasses biology immunology protein chemistry and molecular biology. A time-saving reference for both researchers and students.




Instrumental Data for Drug Analysis  Second EditionVolume III

Instrumental Data for Drug Analysis Second EditionVolume III

Compiled with the most sophisticated chromatographic and spectrometric instruments available this complete and self-contained seven-volume reference provides forensic toxicology and clinical laboratories with up-to-date information on 1 600 drugs and drug-related compounds-one of the largest collections of analytical data generated from a single source. Instrumental Data for Drug Analysis contains timely quality data presented in a large easily usable format. It is an essential reference in the libraries of all toxicology analytical chemistry and forensic specialists and laboratories.




Instrumental Data for Drug Analysis  Second EditionVolume I

Instrumental Data for Drug Analysis Second EditionVolume I

Compiled with the most sophisticated chromatographic and spectrometric instruments available this complete and self-contained seven-volume reference provides forensic toxicology and clinical laboratories with up-to-date information on 1 600 drugs and drug-related compounds-one of the largest collections of analytical data generated from a single source. Instrumental Data for Drug Analysis contains timely quality data presented in a large easily usable format. It is an essential reference in the libraries of all toxicology analytical chemistry and forensic specialists and laboratories.




Applications of Numerical Methods in Molecular Spectroscopy

Applications of Numerical Methods in Molecular Spectroscopy

Applications of Numerical Methods in Molecular Spectroscopy provides a mathematical background theoretical perspective and review of spectral data processing methods. The book discusses methods of complex spectral profile separation into bands factor analysis methods methods of quantitative analysis in molecular spectroscopy and reflectance spectroscopy and new data processing methods. Mathematical methods in special areas of molecular spectroscopy such as color science electron spin resonance and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopies are also covered. The book will benefit researchers and postgraduate students in fields of chemistry physics and biology.




Instrumental Data for Drug Analysis  Second EditionVolume II

Instrumental Data for Drug Analysis Second EditionVolume II

Compiled with the most sophisticated chromatographic and spectrometric instruments available this complete and self-contained seven-volume reference provides forensic toxicology and clinical laboratories with up-to-date information on 1 600 drugs and drug-related compounds-one of the largest collections of analytical data generated from a single source. Instrumental Data for Drug Analysis contains timely quality data presented in a large easily usable format. It is an essential reference in the libraries of all toxicology analytical chemistry and forensic specialists and laboratories.




Food LipidsChemistry  Nutrition  and Biotechnology  Fourth Edition

Food LipidsChemistry Nutrition and Biotechnology Fourth Edition

Maintaining the high standards that made the previous editions such well-respected and widely used references Food Lipids: Chemistry Nutrition and Biotechnology Fourth Edition provides a new look at lipid oxidation and highlights recent findings and research. Always representative of the current state of lipid science this edition provides 16 new chapters and 21 updated chapters written by leading international experts that reflect the latest advances in technology and studies of food lipids.New chapters Analysis of Fatty Acid Positional Distribution in Triacylglycerol Physical Characterization of Fats and Oils Processing and Modification Technologies for Edible Oils and Fats Crystallization Behavior of Fats: Effect of Processing Conditions Enzymatic Purification and Enrichment and Purification of Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids and Conjugated Linoleic Acid Isomers Microbial Lipid Production Food Applications of Lipids Encapsulation Technologies for Lipids Rethinking Lipid Oxidation Digestion Absorption and Metabolism of Lipids Omega-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids and Health Brain Lipids in Health and Disease Biotechnologically Enriched Cereals with PUFAs in Ruminant and Chicken Nutrition Enzyme-Catalyzed Production of Lipid Based Esters for the Food Industry: Emerging Process and Technology Production of Edible Oils Through Metabolic Engineering Genetically Engineered Cereals for Production of Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids   The most comprehensive and relevant treatment of food lipids available this book highlights the role of dietary fats in foods human health and disease. Divided into five parts it begins with the chemistry and properties of food lipids covering nomenclature and classification extraction and analysis and chemistry and function. Part II addresses processing and food applications including modification technologies microbial production of lipids crystallization behavior chemical interesterification purification and encapsulation technologies. The third part covers oxidation measurements and antioxidants. Part IV explores the myriad interactions of lipids in nutrition and health with information on heart disease obesity and cancer with a new chapter dedicated to brain lipids. Part V continues with contributions on biotechnology and biochemistry including a chapter on the metabolic engineering of edible oils.




Hen EggsBasic and Applied Science

Hen EggsBasic and Applied Science

The egg is a chemical storehouse-within an incubating egg a complicated set of chemical reactions take place that convert the chemicals into a living animal. Using hen eggs as a model this new text explores the use of eggs for food industrial and pharmaceutical applications. It covers the chemistry biology and function of lipids; carbohydrates; proteins; yolk antibody (IgY); and other materials of eggs. The novel merits of egg materials over others used in the same products are also discussed. These areas of egg technology have never been compiled before in one source.




Instrumental Data for Drug Analysis  Second EditionVolume VI

Instrumental Data for Drug Analysis Second EditionVolume VI

Compiled with the most sophisticated chromatographic and spectrometric instruments available this complete and self-contained seven-volume reference provides forensic toxicology and clinical laboratories with up-to-date information on 1 600 drugs and drug-related compounds-the largest collection of analytical data generated from a single source. This is the only single source that contains timely quality data of this type presented in a large easily usable format. This will be an essential reference in the libraries of all toxicology analytical chemistry and forensic science specialists and laboratories.




CRC Handbook of Basic Tables for Chemical AnalysisData-Driven Methods and Interpretation

CRC Handbook of Basic Tables for Chemical AnalysisData-Driven Methods and Interpretation

Researchers in chemistry chemical engineering pharmaceutical science forensics and environmental science make routine use of chemical analysis but the information these researchers need is often scattered in different sources and difficult to access. The CRC Handbook of Basic Tables for Chemical Analysis: Data-Driven Methods and Interpretation Fourth Edition is a one-stop reference that presents updated data in a handy format specifically designed for use when reaching a decision point in designing an analysis or interpreting results. This new edition offers expanded coverage of calibration and uncertainty and continues to include the critical information scientists rely on to perform accurate analysis. Enhancements to the Fourth Edition: Compiles a huge array of useful and important data into a single convenient source Explanatory text provides context for data and guidelines on applications Coalesces information from several different fields Provides information on the most useful "wet" chemistry methods as well as instrumental techniques with an expanded discussion of laboratory safety Contains information of historical importance necessary to interpret the literature and understand current methodology. Unmatched in its coverage of the range of information scientists need in the lab this resource will be referred to again and again by practitioners who need quick easy access to the data that forms the basis for experimentation and analysis.




Toxicants of Plant OriginPhenolics  Volume IV

Toxicants of Plant OriginPhenolics Volume IV

This comprehensive treatise offers an in-depth discussion of natural toxicants in plants emphasizing their effects as defenses against herbivory. Coevolution of plants and her-bivores are covered with a detailed treatment of toxicant metabolism and systemic effects in mammalian tissues. Con-sideration of the economic importance of plant toxins modi-fication by plant breeding management of toxico-sis and toxicant problems in various geographic areas are in-cluded. Each volume offers an extensive description of chemistry biosynthesis analysis distribution in plants metabolism in mam-mals and insects and practical problems in humans and livestock.




Electron Density and Bonding in CrystalsPrinciples  Theory and X-ray Diffraction Experiments in Solid State Physics and Chemistry

Electron Density and Bonding in CrystalsPrinciples Theory and X-ray Diffraction Experiments in Solid State Physics and Chemistry

Electron Density and Bonding in Crystals: Principles Theory and X-Ray Diffraction Experiments in Solid State Physics and Chemistry provides a comprehensive unified account of the use of diffraction techniques to determine the distribution of electrons in crystals. The book discusses theoretical and practical techniques the application of electron density studies to chemical bonding and the determination of the physical properties of condensed matter.The book features the authors' own key contributions to the subject as well a thorough critical summary of the extensive literature on electron density and bonding. Logically organized coverage ranges from the theoretical and experimental basis of electron density determination to its impact on investigations of the nature of the chemical bond and its uses in determining electromagnetic and optical properties of crystals. The main text is supplemented by appendices that provide clear concise guidance on aspects such as systems of units quantum theory of atomic vibrations atomic orbitals and creation and annihilation operators. The result is a valuable compendium of modern knowledge on electron density distributions making this reference a standard for crystallographers condensed matter physicists theoretical chemists and materials scientists.




Physics Of Creep And Creep-Resistant Alloys

Physics Of Creep And Creep-Resistant Alloys

Unique in its approach this introduction to the physics of creep concentrates on the physical principles underlying observed phenomena. As such it provides a resource for graduate students in materials science metallurgy mechanical engineering physics and chemistry as well as researchers in other fields. Following a brief mathematical treatment the authors introduce creep phenomena together with some empirical laws and observations. The mechanisms of creep and diffusion under varying experimental conditions are subsequently analysed and developed. The second half of the text considers alloying in greater detail as well as exploring the structure and properties of superalloys and stress effects in these materials.




Traditional Chinese MedicinesMolecular Structures  Natural Sources and Applications

Traditional Chinese MedicinesMolecular Structures Natural Sources and Applications

This title was first published in 2003. In laboratories around the world the active principles in traditional herbal medicines are being isolated and characterized. A systematic effort at the Chinese Academy of Sciences is underway to identify the structure-activity relationships that result from the link between chemistry and medicine that is permitted by this data. This book which provides the only systematic English-language description of the chemical structures and pharmacological effects of compounds active in traditional Chinese medicines (TCMs) is now in its second edition. The new edition provides English-language monographs on over 9000 chemicals isolated from nearly 4000 natural sources used in Chinese medicine and features the addition of in-depth bioactivity data for many of the compounds. Effects and indications of the medicines are included. Extensive indexing permits cross-referencing among English Chinese and Latin names for natural medicinal sources effects and indications and the chemical components of the medicines. The second edition of Traditional Chinese Medicines includes 2300 new compounds 2400 additional plant sources more CAS Registry Numbers and more pharmacological data. The structure of the book has been extensively reorganised to make cross referencing the data much simpler. This new edition is therefore a substantial improvement on the first edition of this important reference on the structural chemistry of traditional Chinese medicines.




NanobiotechnologyHuman Health and the Environment

NanobiotechnologyHuman Health and the Environment

This book combines the contributions from the experts of material science molecular biology toxicology bio-organic and bio-inorganic chemistry toxicologists and environmental and food technology etc. to fathom the full scope of current and future of developments in the area of Nanobiotechnology. Provides brief overview of nanobiotechnology for general readers who are not familiar with the research fields and presents a strong overview of most of the critical areas in field This book can also be used as text book for graduate students as an essential reference material and as an reading material for general readers having a curiosity in Nanobiotechnology.




International Food Safety HandbookScience  International Regulation  and Control

International Food Safety HandbookScience International Regulation and Control

Covers all aspects of food safety--science regulation and labeling requirements--integrating major developments in the fields of toxicology analytical chemistry microbiology hygiene and nutrition.  Designed to be a reference that bridges the gaps between science regulation and control of food safety. While this might have been a rather ambitious aim in putting together this book the editors have certainly succeeded in gathering a group of experts from industry government agencies academia consumer groups and the media whose knowledge and expertise reflect the complex and multisectoral/multidisciplinary nature of food safety." ---Food Science and Technology




Handbook of Essential OilsScience  Technology  and Applications

Handbook of Essential OilsScience Technology and Applications

Handbook of Essential Oils: Science Technology and Applications presents the development use and marketing of essential oils. Exciting new topics include insecticidal applications but there is a continued focus on the chemistry pharmacology and biological activities of essential oils. The third edition unveils new chapters including the insect repellent and insecticidal activities of essential oils the synergistic activity with antibiotics against resistant microorganisms essential oil applications in agriculture plant-insect interactions and pheromones and contaminants in essential oils. Features Presents a wide range of topics including sources production analysis storage transport chemistry aromatherapy pharmacology toxicology metabolism technology biotransformation application utilization and trade Includes discussions of biological activity testing results of antimicrobial and antioxidant tests and penetration enhancing activities useful in drug delivery Covers up-to-date regulations and legislative procedures together with the use of essential oils in perfumes cosmetics feed food beverages and pharmaceutical industries Unveils new chapters including the insect repellent and insecticidal activities of essential oils the synergistic activity with antibiotics against resistant microorganisms essential oil applications in agriculture plant-insect interactions and pheromones and contaminants in essential oils The American Botanical Council (ABC) named the second edition as the recipient of the 2016 ABC James A. Duke Excellence in Botanical Literature Award and recognized that essential oils are one of the fastest growing segments of the herbal product market




Geochemistry  Mineralogy and Genesis of Gold Deposits

Geochemistry Mineralogy and Genesis of Gold Deposits

The behaviour of gold in sedimentary magmatic and postmagmatic processes are studied and 40 gold-bearing minerals including ten which were recently discovered are described. The results are presented of new experimental studies on phase relations in gold-sulphide systems. The solubility & form of gold migration in high-temperature chloride sulphide and arsenic solutions are determined. Based on the new data the genesis of gold deposits is studied and a geochemical classification proposed. This book is designed for specialists in the field of gold chemistry geochemistry and mineralogy and for field geologists surveying and prospecting for gold.




Quantum Nanochemistry - Five Volume Set

Quantum Nanochemistry - Five Volume Set

This new 5-volume set presents in a balanced yet progressive manner the fundamental and advanced concepts principles and models of quanta atoms molecules solids and crystal and chemical-biological interaction in cells. It also addresses the first and novel combinations and applications in modeling complex natural or designed phenomena. These new volumes by Dr. Putz embrace the best knowledge at the dawn of the twenty-first century of chemical bonding approaches while further advancing the chemical bonding approaches through the author?s own progressive vision which highlights the concept of bosonic-bondon in artificial chemistry. The author approaches the systematics of atoms-in-molecule progressive modeling in relation to chemical reactivity indices that are rooted in the electronegativity and chemical hardness prime chemical descriptors with a refreshing and fruitful perspective. He considers the influence of chemical bonding and extends that to chemical-biological interaction in cells and organisms toward recording the biological activity. He covers the relevant connections with chemistry and atomic/molecular structures for the constituent particles/nodes in crystals and solids including the hot topic of the propagation of defects on graphenes. The work is rigorously thoughtfully and analytically presented with a flexible instructive and creative physical-chemical style of presentation and should be well understood by both physical and chemical communities in the nanosciences fields. These volumes will help to stimulate the creative power of the reader interested not just in knowing and understanding nature through the eyes of quantum theory but also in using the necessary know-how to predict and drive the quantum information coined the nano-scale systems. The multi-volume book uniquely features: A multi-level unitary approach (atoms molecules solids and chemical-biological interaction in an interrelated conceptual and applicative presentation) Fresh quantum views and models of atomic stability and molecular reactivity A new theory of chemical bonding by bosonic-bondons The first path integral applications in quantum chemistry The first bondonic analysis for the graphenic topological defects The volume largely achieves the Organization for Economic and Co-operation Development?s (OECD) Quantitative Structure Activity Relationship (QSAR) fifth commandment ensuring mechanistically describing the chemical-biological interaction by prime structural causes?in short explaining biological activity by chemical reactivity.




Handbook of Molecular GastronomyScientific Foundations  Educational Practices  and Culinary Applications

Handbook of Molecular GastronomyScientific Foundations Educational Practices and Culinary Applications

Handbook of Molecular Gastronomy: Scientific Foundations and Culinary Applications presents a unique overview of molecular gastronomy the scientific discipline dedicated to the study of phenomena that occur during the preparation and consumption of dishes. It deals with the chemistry biology and physics of food preparation along with the physiology of food consumption. As such it represents the first attempt at a comprehensive reference in molecular gastronomy along with a practical guide through selected examples to molecular cuisine and the more recent applications named note by note cuisine. While several books already exist for a general audience either addressing food science in general in a "light" way and/or dealing with modern cooking techniques and recipes no book exists so far that encompasses the whole molecular gastronomy field providing a strong interdisciplinary background in the physics biology and chemistry of food and food preparation along with good discussions on creativity and the art of cooking. Features: Gives A?Z coverage to the underlying science (physics chemistry and biology) and technology as well as all the key cooking issues (ingredients tools and methods). Encompasses the science and practice of molecular gastronomy in the most accessible and up-to-date reference available. Contains a final section with unique recipes by famous chefs. The book is organized in three parts. The first and main part is about the scientific discipline of molecular and physical gastronomy; it is organized as an encyclopedia with entries in alphabetical order gathering the contributions of more than 100 authors all leading scientists in food sciences providing a broad overview of the most recent research in molecular gastronomy. The second part addresses educational applications of molecular gastronomy from primary schools to universities. The third part provides some innovative recipes by chefs from various parts of the world. The authors have made a particular pedagogical effort in proposing several educational levels from elementary introduction to deep scientific formalism in order to satisfy the broadest possible audience (scientists and non-scientists). This new resource should be very useful to food scientists and chefs as well as food and culinary science students and all lay people interested in gastronomy.




Functional Materials and Advanced Manufacturing3-Volume Set

Functional Materials and Advanced Manufacturing3-Volume Set

This three-volume set addresses a new knowledge of function materials their processing and their characterizations. "Functional and Smart Materials" covered the synthesis and fabrication route of functional and smart materials for universal applications such as material science mechanical engineering manufacturing metrology nanotechnology physics chemical biology chemistry civil engineering and food science. "Advanced Manufacturing and Processing Technology" covers the advanced manufacturing technologies includes coating deposition cladding nanotechnology surface finishing precision machining processing and emerging advanced manufacturing technologies for processing of materials for functional applications. "Characterization Testing Measurement and Metrology" covered the application of new and advanced characterization techniques to investigate and analysis the processed materials.




Synthetics  Mineral Oils  and Bio-Based LubricantsChemistry and Technology

Synthetics Mineral Oils and Bio-Based LubricantsChemistry and Technology

Highlighting the major economic and industrial changes in the lubrication industry since the first edition Synthetics Mineral Oils and Bio-Based Lubricants: Chemistry and Technology Third Edition highlights the major economic and industrial changes in the lubrication industry and outlines the state of the art in each major lubricant application area. Chapters cover the use of lubricant fluids growth or decline of market areas and applications potential new applications production capacities and regulatory issues including biodegradability toxicity and food production equipment lubrication. The highly-anticipated third edition features new and updated chapters including those on automatic and continuously variable transmission fluids fluids for food-grade applications oil-soluble polyalkylene glycols functional bio-based lubricant base stocks farnesene-derived polyolefins estolides bio-based lubricants from soybean oil and trends in construction equipment lubrication. Features include: Contains an index of terms acronyms and analytical testing methods. Presents the latest conventions for describing upgraded mineral oil base fluids. Considers all the major lubrication areas: engine oils industrial lubricants food-grade applications greases and space-age applications Includes individual chapters on lubricant applications?such as environmentally friendly disk drive and magnetizable fluids?for major market areas around the globe. In a single unique volume Synthetics Mineral Oils and Bio-Based Lubricants: Chemistry and Technology Third Edition offers property and performance information of fluids theoretical and practical background to their current applications and strong indicators for global market trends that will influence the industry for years to come.




Chemical Kinetics and Process Dynamics in Aquatic Systems

Chemical Kinetics and Process Dynamics in Aquatic Systems

Chemical Kinetics and Process Dynamics in Aquatic Systems is devoted to chemical reactions and biogeochemical processes in aquatic systems. The book provides a thorough analysis of the principles mathematics and analytical tools used in chemical microbial and reactor kinetics. It also presents a comprehensive up-to-date description of the kinetics of important chemical processes in aquatic environments. Aquatic photochemistry and correlation methods (e.g. LFERs and QSARs) to predict process rates are covered. Numerous examples are included and each chapter has a detailed bibliography and problems sets. The book will be an excellent text/reference for professionals and students in such fields as aquatic chemistry limnology aqueous geochemistry microbial ecology marine science environmental and water resources engineering and geochemistry.




Organic Photoreceptors for Imaging Systems

Organic Photoreceptors for Imaging Systems

This reference covers in detail the preparation and application of current and emerging organic materials used as xerographic photoreceptors emphasizing the photo-electric properties of organic solids and evaluating their potential use in xerography.;Reviewing the development of xerography and the steps in the xerographic process this volume: summarizes the properties advantages and disadvantages of various classes of materials used as photoreceptors; describes the methods of characterizing the sensitometry of xerographic photoreceptors; examines the physics and chemistry of photogeneration and charge transport processes; and elucidates the sensimetry of different classes of organic materials.;Organic Photoreceptors for Imaging Systems is intended for imaging scientists optical engineers and physicists organic chemists materials scienctists and students in these disciplines.




HazmatologyThe Science of Hazardous Materials  Five-Volume Set

HazmatologyThe Science of Hazardous Materials Five-Volume Set

Written by a hazardous materials consultant with over 40 years of experience in emergency services the five-volume Hazmatology: The Science of Hazardous Materials suggests a new approach dealing with the most common aspects of hazardous materials containers and the affected environment. It focuses on innovations in decontamination monitoring instruments and personal protective equipment in a scientific way utilizing common sense and takes a risk-benefit approach to hazardous material response. This set provides the reader with a hazardous materials "Tool Box" and a guide for learning which tools to use under what circumstances. Volume One Chronicles of Incidents and Response takes an in-depth look at the history of hazardous materials response points out lessons learned from these incidents and discusses the impact on our response today. Volume Two  Standard of Care and Hazmat Planning presents the hazardous materials legal issues and background on the Hazmat Standard of Care including incidents where Care was violated and the repercussions felt. Volume Three  Applied Chemistry and Physics presents chemistry and physics at the level that emergency responders will understand so they can apply the concepts using a risk management system and deal safely and effectively with hazardous materials incidents. Volume Four  Common Sense Emergency Response covers stabilization and includes science and risk analysis and the part it plays in a successful outcome of the stabilization portion of the response. Volume Five  Hazmat Teams Spotlight covers the history vehicles types of response equipment and resources as well as procedures and innovations across different teams nationwide.




Biochemistry and Function of Sterols

Biochemistry and Function of Sterols

Leading international scientists bring current and developing topics in sterol research together in Biochemistry and Function of Sterols. The authors are experts in each major area of sterol research-medicine biochemistry chemistry and agriculture. Each chapter features the current state of research as well as new and developing research topics. Throughout the volume the focus is on the major and expanding areas of sterol biochemistry and function of sterols in all classes or organisms. The broad scope of this work embraces many disciplines and will be of interest to a variety of researchers students and lay people. Professors will find Biochemistry and Function of Sterols an excellent choice as a textbook for courses on steroid lipid or plant biochemistry.




Insecticides of Natural Origin

Insecticides of Natural Origin

Nature has often provided valuable molecules either as lead compounds or for use in the fight against pests. Though a number of conference proceedings deal with the control of insects using natural products there is no comprehensive account of what materials have been studied and what results have been obtained. Examining the material scattered across various disciplines this book meets a recognized need by consolidating this information in one volume. The first section of the book covers chemistry and biological activity of major classes of naturally occurring pesticides including the development of more potent insecticides based on natural lead-in structures. The second section consists of monographs on each compound by product.




Aquatic Mesocosm Studies in Ecological Risk Assessment

Aquatic Mesocosm Studies in Ecological Risk Assessment

A Special Publication of the Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry (SETAC)Aquatic Mesocosm Studies in Ecological Risk Assessment discusses the methods currently used for conducting simulated field studies and provides a series of case histories in which mesocosm type studies have been used to assess the impact of pesticides on aquatic ecosystems. Specific chapters address the dosing and exposure components of such studies and how they influence experimental design. Advantages and disadvantages of various statistical designs are addressed in detail. Regulatory aspects of the design and interpretation of these studies are also covered. The book will be a superb reference for aquatic biologists ecologists toxicologists environmental toxicologists environmental chemists and regulatory personnel.




Organic ElectrochemistryRevised and Expanded

Organic ElectrochemistryRevised and Expanded

Praise for the Fourth Edition "Outstanding praise for previous editions?.the single best general reference for the organic chemist."?Journal of the Electrochemical Society"The cast of editors and authors is excellent the text is in general easily readable and understandable well documented and well indexed?those who purchase the book will be satisfied with their acquisition."?Journal of Polymer Science"?an excellent starting point for anyone wishing to explore the application of electrochemical technique to organic chemistry and?a comprehensive up-to-date review for researchers in the field."?Journal of the American Chemical Society Highlights from the Fifth Edition: Coverage of the electrochemistry of buckminsterfullerene and related compounds electroenzymatic synthesis conducting polymers and electrochemical fluorination Systematic examination of electrochemical transformations of organic compounds organized according to the type of starting materials In-depth discussions of carbonyl compounds anodic oxidation of oxygen-containing compounds electrosynthesis of bioactive materials and electrolyte reductive coupling Features 16 entirely new chapters with contributions from several new authors who also contribute to extensive revisions throughout the rest of the chapters Completely revised and updated Organic Electrochemistry Fifth Edition explains distinguishing fundamental characteristics that separate organic electrochemistry from classical organic chemistry. It includes descriptions of the most important variants of electron transfers and emphasizes the importance of electron transfers in initiating various electrochemical reactions. The sweeping changes and lengthy additions in the fifth edition testify to the field?s continued and rapid growth in research practice and application and make it a valuable addition to your collection.




Handbook Methods For Oxygen Radical Research

Handbook Methods For Oxygen Radical Research

This volume is divided into five sections. Section I deals with preparative methodology for isolation and purification of the components of the oxy radical experimental systems use most frequently including all three forms of SOD and several other important scavengers. Section II provides the experimenter with a choice of a dozen oxy radical generating systems which can be used for testing of scavengers or for evaluation of the effects of oxy radicals on target tissues. The reader will note that in this section as well as in most of the rest of the volume the orientation is primarily biochemical biologic and medical rather than pure chemistry or pure physics. Nevertheless the techniques are widely applicable to a variety of disciplines.




High Temperature Superconductivity

High Temperature Superconductivity

High Temperature Superconductivity provides a broad survey of high temperature superconductivity discussing the adaptations of experimental and theoretical techniques and methods that take advantage of the revolutionary properties of high temperature superconductors. Distinguished engineers chemists and experimental and theoretical physicists introduce their own particular area of the field before going on to explain current theories and techniques. The book is divided into three sections: materials mechanisms and devices. Topics covered include synthetic approaches to the growth of new materials; optical magnetic and electrical characterization of synthesized materials; strong correlations; the magnon pairing mechanism; and technical background of device performance in new materials. A coherent introduction to high temperature superconductivity this volume will be invaluable to researchers in condensed matter physics chemistry materials science and engineering.




Exposure to Contaminants in Drinking WaterEstimating Uptake through the Skin and by Inhalation

Exposure to Contaminants in Drinking WaterEstimating Uptake through the Skin and by Inhalation

Exposure to Contaminants in Drinking Water: Estimating Uptake through the Skin and by Inhalation examines the current state of science in this field by identifying and reviewing the available information resources; evaluating various models and approaches; and demonstrating the feasibility of developing estimates of the distribution of absorbed doses of contaminants in drinking water through contact with the skin and by inhalation. This book the product of a fifteen-member expert working group convened by the Risk Science Institute of the International Life Sciences Institute under a cooperative agreement with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's Office of Water includes contributions from experts in exposure modeling and measurement; water chemistry; time-activity patterns; dermal and respiratory uptake; and the use of probability distributions in characterizing exposures.




Handbook of Research on Food Science and Technology3 Volume Set

Handbook of Research on Food Science and Technology3 Volume Set

This Handbook of Research in Food Science and Technology consists of three volumes focusing on food technology and chemistry food biotechnology and microbiology and functional foods and nutraceuticals. The volumes highlight new research and current trends in food science and technology looking at the most recent innovations emerging technologies and strategies focusing on taking food design to sustainable levels. In particular the handbooks includes relevant information on the modernization in the food industry sustainable packaging food bioprocesses food fermentation food microbiology functional foods and nutraceuticals natural products nano- and microtechnology healthy product composition innovative processes/bioprocesses for utilization of by-products development of novel preservation alternatives extending the shelf life of fresh products alternative processes requiring less energy or water among other topics.  




New Frontiers in Nanochemistry: Concepts  Theories  and Trends  3-Volume SetVolume 1: Structural Nanochemistry; Volume 2: Topological Nanoch

New Frontiers in Nanochemistry: Concepts Theories and Trends 3-Volume SetVolume 1: Structural Nanochemistry; Volume 2: Topological Nanoch

New Frontiers in Nanochemistry: Concepts Theories and Trends 3-Volume Set explains and explores the important fundamental and advanced modern concepts from various areas of nanochemistry and more broadly the nanosciences. This innovative and one-of-a kind set consists of three volumes that focus on structural nanochemistry topological nanochemistry and sustainable nanochemistry respectively collectively forming an explicative handbook in nanochemistry. The compilation provides a rich resource that is both thorough and accessible encompassing the core concepts of multiple areas of nanochemistry. It also explores the content through a trans-disciplinary lens integrating the basic and advanced modern concepts in nanochemistry with various examples applications issues tools algorithms and even historical notes on the important people from physical quantum theoretical mathematical and even biological chemistry.




Proton & Carbon NMR Spectra of Polymers

Proton & Carbon NMR Spectra of Polymers

Proton and Carbon NMR Spectra of Polymers is an updated consolidated volume featuring the spectra published in three previous volumes plus 150 newly derived spectra. It contains 458 NMR spectra with associated analytical notes covering acrylics amides dienes ethers olefins siloxins styrenes and derivatives urethanes vinyls vinylidenes and others. The spectra obtained are either 1H or 13C; extended bibliographic references are attached. Each entry provides details of the chemical structure of the analyzed sample in addition to analytical conditions including nucleus frequency spectrometer detection technique solvent temperature reference lock and where appropriate flip angle. The wealth of information contained in this single volume make Proton and Carbon NMR Spectra of Polymers an essential acquisition for all academic industrial research and analytical laboratories and libraries involved with polymer chemistry.




Oxygen Responses  Reactivities  and Measurements in Biosystems

Oxygen Responses Reactivities and Measurements in Biosystems

Oxygen Responses Reactivities and Measurements in Biosystems meets the pressing needs of the twentieth-century biotechnological and bioengineering sciences in covering oxic reactions and oxygen transport phenomena in a single book. This book is intended for teaching senior or graduate level courses and as a self-study text for practicing biochemical and chemical engineers biotechnologists applied and industrial microbiologists cell biologists scientists involved in oxygen-free radical research and others in related fields. The text includes thought-provoking numerical problems and short questions conventional biochemical engineering approaches and related concepts with mathematical formulations and analysis concepts of cell biology basic microbiology and applied biochemistry in oxy radical research practical approaches for the development of laboratory experiments and industrial design and an introduction of oxygen-free radical chemistry to biotechnology and bioengineering.




X-Ray Optics and Microanalysis 1992  Proceedings of the 13th INT Conference  31 August-4 September 1992  Manchester  UK

X-Ray Optics and Microanalysis 1992 Proceedings of the 13th INT Conference 31 August-4 September 1992 Manchester UK

The first ICXOM congress held in Cambridge was the brain-child of Dr. Ellis Cosslett founder of the Electron Optics Section of the Cavendish Laboratory. Dr. Cosslett pioneered research in x-ray optics and microanalysis and retained a close interest in all subject applications for this area of research including physics materials science chemistry and biology. X-Ray Optics and Microanalysis 1992 was held in his memory. At a special symposium friends and colleagues reviewed the present status of research in x-ray optics and microanalysis. S.J. Pennycook of Oak Ridge National Laboratory D.B. Williams of Lehigh University J.A. Venables et al. of Arizona State University and Sussex University and C. Jacobsen et al. of SUNY Stony Brook are among the researchers whose papers are included in this volume.




The Combined Chemical Dictionary on DVD

The Combined Chemical Dictionary on DVD

The Combined Chemical Dictionary on DVD provides all entries that are available in the following dictionaries: Dictionary of Analytical Reagents (16 000 compounds) Dictionary of Carbohydrates (29 000 compounds) Dictionary of Drugs (48 000 compounds) Dictionary of Inorganic and Organometallic Compounds (106 000 compounds) Dictionary of Natural Products (207 600 compounds) Dictionary of Organic Compounds (286 500 compounds) Spanning the breadth of chemistry this database offers access to chemical physical and structural data on more than 570 000 compounds contained in over 225 000 entries. The presence of powerful search software allows sophisticated text and structure searches to be achieved quickly with minimal effort. Special academic pricing and site-license pricing are available. Please contact us for details. System requirements: PC meeting the system requirements to run Microsoft Windows XP or Vista (32 bit)




Nondestructive Biomarkers in Vertebrates

Nondestructive Biomarkers in Vertebrates

Nondestructive Biomarkers in Vertebrates presents an innovative approach for hazard assessment in vertebrates based on nondestructive rather than destructive methods. The book reviews the state of the art and defines the development and validation procedure of this new strategy. Biological materials such as blood samples epithelial tissue eggs feathers and feces that can be obtained without stress or damage to the animal are suggested. Certain traditional studies (blood esterases blood chemistry mixed function oxidases porphyrins DNA damage and cytological changes) can be performed on these specimens along with new tests requiring only very small samples. This approach is developed to benefit protected threatened species whose existence cannot be further jeopardized by the use of destructive methods. This volume will be particularly useful to ecotoxicologists wildlife protection personnel environmental consultants and conservationist organizations.




Biosurfactants and Biotechnology

Biosurfactants and Biotechnology

Here is the first comprehensive reference to examine microbial surface active agents (biosurfactants)and biological emulsifiers as applied in biotechnology and other industries.Biosurfactants and Biotechnology highlights state-of-the-art uses of these agents and incorporatesa wealth of ideas for future research and development related to feedstocks production and processing. The book delineates the chemistry biochemistry mechanisms and propertiesof biosurfactants and biological emulsifiers .. . critically assesses their role in enhanced oil recoveryand other industrial applications . .. and includes numerous references to the literature.Biosurfactants and Biotechnology is an invaluable guide for physical surface and colloidchemists working on or with surfactants interfacial phenomena and cell-surface physiology ;petrochemical chemical biochemical petroleum and pollution control engineers; pharmacologists cosmetic scientists food scientists and microbiologists. It is also an important resourcefor graduate students in these fields.




Element Analysis of Biological SamplesPrinciples and Practices  Volume II

Element Analysis of Biological SamplesPrinciples and Practices Volume II

Despite the development of innovative new analytical techniques for biological trace element research today's trace element investigators face formidable obstacles to obtaining reliable data. This complete reference identifies and assesses the challenges the analyst encounters at each stage of an analysis and discusses the effects of various techniques on the sample.Three internationally recognized scientists and authors consider the effects of the numerous collection storage and sample preparatory techniques used in sample analysis. Proper analytical quality control including such critical factors as sampling and sample preparation specimen preservation and storage and ashing is examined. The book also looks at sample preparation methods unique to various instruments and speciation chemistry issues and examines the link between chemical analysis and specimen banking. A previously unrecognized source of error presampling factors is also discussed.




WheatChemistry and Utilization

WheatChemistry and Utilization

"This book meets the need for a comprehensive up-to-date review of wheat chemistry processing and uses. It provides the reader with extensive new information on wheat components that will be useful in better commercial utilization of wheat and the formulation of new and upgraded wheat-based food products. The book serves as a one-volume information resource for all those involved in the research development formulation and evaluation of wheat-based food products. From the Authors' PrefaceWheat continues to be one of the world's most important grains especially as a food where the unique properties of its products can be utilized to advantage. It provides an excellent example of a natural product from which a wide range of useful by-products can be made. This book discusses the components of the wheat kernel which provide interesting examples of study of carbohydrate and protein chemistry as well as lipids minerals and vitamins. This book should serve as a useful reference for the cereal chemist as well as chemists and food technologists in those industries in which by-products of flour are used e.g. the confectionery industry in which modified starches and starch syrups are used. In addition nutritionists dieticians and many kinds of researchers will find chapters of interest. Particular attention is given to particle-size determinations an important area in food processing and to the role of wheat proteins in gluten intolerance and wheat allergy. . . . Both the milling of wheat and flour quality are discussed in order to give the reader an idea of the distribution of the major components and the importance of proper size reduction. The book also has a chapter on wet milling of wheat flour . . . and chapters on the properties and uses of wheat starch starch syrups and chemically modified wheat starch.




Cyclopolymerization and Cyclocopolymerization

Cyclopolymerization and Cyclocopolymerization

This broadly-based work gathers the vast bulk of information published on cyclopolymerization since its discovery - including the symmetrical diene counterparts of all classical monomers that can undergo addition polymerization all unsymmetrical dienes and cyclopolymerizable monomers such as dialdehydes diynes diisocyanates diepoxides dinitriles and some organometallic monomers.;Providing access to contemporary knowledge in the field and offering discussions of interest to a wide variety of polymer scientists Cyclopolymerization and Cyclocopolymerization: delineates theory; summarizes polymerization procedures; furnishes theoretical justification for mechanistic proposals; details commercial applications; and describes new monomer syntheses. Supplying over 2700 references as well as chemical abstract citations Cyclopolymerization and Cyclocopolymerization is a resource which should be of practical value to polymer academic theoretical and industrial chemists; chemical and plastics engineers; research and development directors in chemistry and chemical engineering programmes; and graduate-level students in these disciplines




Natural Polymers for Pharmaceutical Applications  3-volume setVolume 1: Plant-Derived Polymers  Volume 2: Marine- and Microbiologically Deri

Natural Polymers for Pharmaceutical Applications 3-volume setVolume 1: Plant-Derived Polymers Volume 2: Marine- and Microbiologically Deri

Polymers of natural origins have been explored for their variety of uses and applications in pharmaceuticals medical diagnostic aids and materials science. In nature a huge quantity of natural polymers is obtained from different sources such as plants animals and also from marine environments. These are abundantly present in nature and are considered excellent excipients because of their nontoxic stable and biodegradable properties. Natural Polymers for Pharmaceutical Applications (3-volume set) discusses the research innovations that have been made on applications of natural polymers in drug delivery and biomedicines. Volume 1 focuses on plant-derived polymers while volume 2 covers marine- and microbiologically derived polymers. Volume 3 looks at polymers derived from animal sources. These three volumes provide a thorough exploration into natural polymers chemistry including collection chemical modifications characterizations and applications of natural polymers for drug delivery and other pharmaceutical applications.




Nonlinear Ordinary Differential Equations

Nonlinear Ordinary Differential Equations

Ordinary differential equations have long been an important area of study because of their wide application in physics engineering biology chemistry ecology and economics. Based on a series of lectures given at the Universities of Melbourne and New South Wales in Australia Nonlinear Ordinary Differential Equations takes the reader from basic elementary notions to the point where the exciting and fascinating developments in the theory of nonlinear differential equations can be understood and appreciated. Each chapter is self-contained and includes a selection of problems together with some detailed workings within the main text. Nonlinear Ordinary Differential Equations helps develop an understanding of the subtle and sometimes unexpected properties of nonlinear systems and simultaneously introduces practical analytical techniques to analyze nonlinear phenomena. This excellent book gives a structured systematic and rigorous development of the basic theory from elementary concepts to a point where readers can utilize ideas in nonlinear differential equations.




Handbook of Forensic Statistics

Handbook of Forensic Statistics

Handbook of Forensic Statistics is a collection of chapters by leading authorities in forensic statistics. Written for statisticians scientists and legal professionals having a broad range of statistical expertise it summarizes and compares basic methods of statistical inference (frequentist likelihoodist and Bayesian) for trace and other evidence that links individuals to crimes the modern history and key controversies in the field and the psychological and legal aspects of such scientific evidence. Specific topics include uncertainty in measurements and conclusions; statistically valid statements of weight of evidence or source conclusions; admissibility and presentation of statistical findings; and the state of the art of methods (including problems and pitfalls) for collecting analyzing and interpreting data in such areas as forensic biology chemistry and pattern and impression evidence. The particular types of evidence that are discussed include DNA latent fingerprints firearms and toolmarks glass handwriting shoeprints and voice exemplars.




Trace Elements in Coal and Coal Combustion Residues

Trace Elements in Coal and Coal Combustion Residues

Trace Elements in Coal and Coal Combustion Residues focuses on trace metal chemistry of coal and coal combustion residues. Special emphasis is placed on management of coal combustion residues in electric power plants and the influence of coal and associated residues on soils plants water and animals. Topics covered include a brief summary of research sponsored by Electric Power Research Institute environmental pollution from coal combustion plants in low-rainfall regions accumulation of trace elements in freshwater mussels near a power plant testing to evaluate fossil fuel wastes by chemicals and isotopes transport of metals from coal piles and ash impoundments leachability and toxicity of metals in fly ash and plant absorption of chemicals from ash. The book will be a useful reference for environmental and reclamation consultants environmental engineers toxicologists environmental regulatory personnel officials with electric power utilities and water treatment plants and soil scientists.




Interactions of Surfactants with Polymers and Proteins

Interactions of Surfactants with Polymers and Proteins

Interactions of Surfactants with Polymers and Proteins covers work done in this area over the last 30 years and examines in detail the physico-chemical microstructural and applications aspects of interactions of surfactants with polymers and proteins in bulk surfaces and at interfaces. The physical chemistry of individual components (surfactants polymers and proteins) is discussed and extensive coverage of interactions of surfactants with uncharged oppositely charged and hydrophobe modified polymers is provided. Other topics addressed include water soluble and insoluble keratinous proteins the principles and applications of fluorescence spectroscopy the physical properties and microstructural aspects of polymer/protein-surfactant complexes and implications of surfactant interactions with polymers and proteins in practical systems. Interactions of Surfactants with Polymers and Proteins provides a wealth of information for chemists involved in a number of different research areas including cosmetics pharmaceutics foods paints pigments lubrication ceramics minerals/materials processing and biological systems.




Environmental and Human Safety of Major SurfactantsAlcohol Ethoxylates and Alkylphenol Ethoxylates

Environmental and Human Safety of Major SurfactantsAlcohol Ethoxylates and Alkylphenol Ethoxylates

The book summarizes and reviews the environmental and human safety of two classes of nonionic surfactants-alcohol ethoxylates (AE) and alkylphenol ethoxylates (APE). This unique resource contains critical data from published sources as well as from unpublished studies submitted by Soap and Detergent Association member companies. It reviews information on product chemistry and analysis biodegradation environmental levels (including fate and distribution) aquatic toxicity and human safety. Recently developed analytical techniques for the extraction separation detection and measurement of nonionic surfactants and their metabolites in environmental samples are described. Results of biodegradation studies performed with a variety of test systems are tabulated as are results of field studies at wastewater treatment plants. Reported comparisons of environmental levels with results of acute and chronic aquatic toxicity tests are provided. The information on the toxicity and irritation potential of AE and APE surfactants includes data from in vitro mammalian and human studies.




Trace Environmental Quantitative AnalysisIncluding Student-Tested Experiments

Trace Environmental Quantitative AnalysisIncluding Student-Tested Experiments

A thorough and timely update this new edition presents principles techniques and applications in this sub-discipline of analytical chemistry for quantifying traces of potentially toxic organic and inorganic chemical substances found in air soil fish and water as well as serum plasma urine and other body fluids. The author addresses regulatory aspects calibration verification and the statistical treatment of analytical data including instrument detection limits; quality assurance/quality control; sampling and sample preparation; and techniques that are used to quantify trace concentrations of organic and inorganic chemical substances. Key Features: Fundamental principles are introduced for the more significant experimental approaches to sample preparation Principles of instrumental analysis (determinative techniques) for trace organics and trace inorganics analysis An introduction to the statistical treatment of trace analytical data How to calculate instrument detection limits based on weighted least squares confidence band calibration statistics Includes an updated series of student-tested experiments




CRC Materials Science and Engineering Handbook

CRC Materials Science and Engineering Handbook

CRC Materials Science and Engineering Handbook provides a convenient single-volume source for physical and chemical property data on a wide range of engineering materials. As with the first three editions this Fourth Edition contains information verified by major professional associations such as ASM International and the American Ceramic Society (ACerS). Patterned after the iconic CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics this edition also: Offers a more streamlined presentation organized by categories of traditional and advanced materials Converts chemical and physical property data from US customary units to SI units improving the handbook?s usefulness on a global scale Expands coverage to include the latest material property data on low-dimensional carbons two-dimensional (2D) nanomaterials MAX phases and amorphous metals Featuring extensive references to contemporary research literature CRC Materials Science and Engineering Handbook Fourth Edition is an ideal starting point for scientists and engineers making selecting or evaluating materials.




Reagents in Mineral Technology

Reagents in Mineral Technology

Reagents in Mineral Technology provides comprehensive coverage of both basic as well asapplied aspects of reagents utilized in the minerals industry.This outstanding single-source reference opens with an explicit account of flotation fundamentals including coverage of wetting phenomena mineral/water interfacial phenomena flo tationchemistry and flocculation and dispersion of mineral suspensions.It then discusses flotation of sulfide and nonsulfide minerals with attention to formation ofclithiolates formation of metal thiol compounds application of fatty acids sulfosuccinic acids amines and other collectors.Reagents in Mineral Technology also reviews adsorption of surfactants on minerals .. .details adsorption of polymers .. . and considers the chemistry and application of chelation agentsin minerals separations.Additional chapters consider grinding aids frothers inorganic and polymeric depressants dewatering and filtering aids analytical techniques and much more.Unique in its depth of coverage Reagents in Mineral Technology will prove an invaluablereference for mineral engineers and processors; analytical surface colloid and physical chemists;petroleum petrochemical metallurgical and mining engineers; and for use in advancedundergraduate- and graduate-level courses in these and related fields.




Handbook of Intelligent Scaffolds for Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine

Handbook of Intelligent Scaffolds for Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine

Millions of patients suffer from end-stage organ failure or tissue loss annually and the only solution might be organ and/or tissue transplantation. To avoid poor biocompatibility?related problems and donor organ shortage however around 20 years ago a new hybridized method combining cells and biomaterials was introduced as an alternative to whole-organ and tissue transplantation for diseased failing or malfunctioning organs?regenerative medicine and tissue engineering. This handbook focuses on all aspects of intelligent scaffolds from basic science to industry to clinical applications. Its 10 parts illustrated throughout with excellent figures cover stem cell engineering research drug delivery systems nanomaterials and nanodevices and novel and natural biomaterials. The book can be used by advanced undergraduate- and graduate-level students of stem cell and tissue engineering and researchers in macromolecular science ceramics metals for biomaterials nanotechnology chemistry biology and medicine especially those interested in tissue engineering stem cell engineering and regenerative medicine.




Handbook of Pressure-Sensitive Adhesives and Products- Three Volume Set

Handbook of Pressure-Sensitive Adhesives and Products- Three Volume Set

Divided into three sections that are also available as individual volumes this is the first reference to offer a complete guide to the fundamentals manufacturing and applications of pressure-sensitive adhesives and products. An indispensable source of state-of-the-art information this handbook covers the design for pressure-sensitive adhesives and products the manufacture technology and equipment for such products including their testing and application and the theory and practice that correlate with the main domains of product development. Topically organized it presents a comprehensive list of terms and definitions and offers a cross-disciplinary look at pressure-sensitive adhesives spanning such areas as physics surface chemistry electronic materials automotive engineering packaging and the biomedical tape and label industries. For more complete information on each volume visit www.crcpress.com or go directly to the webpage: Volume 1: Fundamentals of Pressure Sensitivity Volume 2: Technology of Pressure-Sensitive Adhesives and Products Volume 3: Applications of Pressure-Sensitive Products




Activated Metals in Organic Synthesis

Activated Metals in Organic Synthesis

Activated Metals in Organic Synthesis discusses fundamental principles of the generation of activated highly reactive metals and their applications in organic synthesis. Following an introductory chapter on basic forms of metals the chapters in Part 1 are devoted to common strategies utilized for the preparation of active metals. These strategies include vaporization and subsequent co-condensation of metal atoms in addition to depassivating methods employed commonly in laboratory syntheses. Chapters in Part 2 discuss relevant organic transformations in which metal activation plays a crucial role. Specific topics covered include metal-induced reductive methods; pinacolic Reformatsky- and Barbier-type reactions; McMurry ketone-olefin coupling; and the Bernet-Vasella reaction. Each chapter is followed by literature citations ranging from specific references to significant reviews. Many structural formulas are provided making it easy to follow each synthesis. The book will be an important reference for students organic chemists and researchers in all areas of organometallic chemistry.




Laser?Induced Graphene

Laser?Induced Graphene

LIG is a revolutionary technique that uses a common CO2 infrared laser scriber like the one used in any machine shop for the direct conversion of polymers into porous graphene under ambient conditions. This technique combines the preparation and patterning of 3D graphene in a single step without the use of wet chemicals. The ease in the structural engineering and excellent mechanical properties of the 3D graphene obtained have made LIG a versatile technique for applications across many fields. This book compiles cutting-edge research on LIG by different research groups all over the world. It discusses the strategies that have been developed to synthesize and engineer graphene including controlling its properties such as porosity composition and surface characteristics. The authors are pioneers in the discovery and development of LIG and the book will appeal to anyone involved in nanotechnology chemistry environmental sciences and device development especially those with an interest in the synthesis and applications of graphene-based materials.




Encyclopedia of Plasma Technology - Two Volume Set

Encyclopedia of Plasma Technology - Two Volume Set

Technical plasmas have a wide range of industrial applications. The Encyclopedia of Plasma Technology covers all aspects of plasma technology from the fundamentals to a range of applications across a large number of industries and disciplines. Topics covered include nanotechnology solar cell technology biomedical and clinical applications electronic materials sustainability and clean technologies. The book bridges materials science industrial chemistry physics and engineering making it a must have for researchers in industry and academia as well as those working on application-oriented plasma technologies. Also Available OnlineThis Taylor & Francis encyclopedia is also available through online subscription offering a variety of extra benefits for researchers students and librarians including: Citation tracking and alerts Active reference linking Saved searches and marked lists HTML and PDF format options Contact Taylor and Francis for more information or to inquire about subscription options and print/online combination packages.US: (Tel) 1.888.318.2367; (E-mail) e-reference@taylorandfrancis.comInternational: (Tel) +44 (0) 20 7017 6062; (E-mail) online.sales@tandf.co.uk




Tuning Semiconducting and Metallic Quantum DotsSpectroscopy and Dynamics

Tuning Semiconducting and Metallic Quantum DotsSpectroscopy and Dynamics

Nanotechnology is one of the growing areas of this century also opening new horizons for tuning optical properties. This book introduces basic tuning schemes including those on a single quantum object level with an emphasis on surface and interface manipulation of semiconducting and metallic quantum dots. There are two opposing demands in current forefront applications of quantum dots as optical labels namely high luminescence stability (suppression of luminescence intermittency) and controllable intermittency and bleaching on a single-particle level to facilitate super-resolution optical microscopy (for which Eric Betzig Stefan W. Hell and William E. Moerner were awarded the 2014 Nobel Prize in Chemistry). The book discusses these contradictory demands with respect to both an understanding of the basic processes and applications. The chapters are a combination of scholarly presentation and comprehensive review and include case studies from the authors? research including unpublished results. Special emphasis is on a detailed understanding of spectroscopic and dynamic properties of semiconducting quantum dots. The book is suitable for senior undergraduates and researchers in the fields of optical nanoscience materials science and nanotechnology.




Radiation Synthesis of Materials and Compounds

Radiation Synthesis of Materials and Compounds

Researchers and engineers working in nuclear laboratories nuclear electric plants and elsewhere in the radiochemical industries need a comprehensive handbook describing all possible radiation-chemistry interactions between irradiation and materials the preparation of materials under distinct radiation types the possibility of damage of materials under irradiation and more. Radiation nanotechnology is still practically an undeveloped field except for some achievements in the fabrication of metallic nanoparticles under ionizing flows. Radiation Synthesis of Materials and Compounds presents the state of the art of the synthesis of materials composites and chemical compounds and describes methods based on the use of ionizing radiation. It is devoted to the preparation of various types of materials (including nanomaterials) and chemical compounds using ionizing radiation (alpha particles beta particles gamma rays x-rays and neutron proton and ion beams). The book presents contributions from leaders in the areas of radiation synthesis of materials and radiation damage providing thorough and expert information for a wide range of readers including advanced students researchers industrial practitioners and university educators.




Many-Body Effects and Electrostatics in Biomolecules

Many-Body Effects and Electrostatics in Biomolecules

As computational hardware continues to develop at a rapid pace quantitative computations are playing an increasingly essential role in the study of biomolecular systems. One of the most important challenges that the field faces is to develop the next generation of computational models that strike the proper balance of computational efficiency and accuracy so that the problems of increasing complexity can be tackled in a systematic and physically robust manner. In particular properly treating intermolecular interactions is fundamentally important for the reliability of all computational models. In this book contributions by leading experts in the area of biomolecular simulations discuss cutting-edge ideas regarding effective strategies to describe many-body effects and electrostatics at quantum classical and coarse-grained levels. The goal of the book is to not only provide an up-to-date snapshot of the current simulation field but also stimulate exchange of ideas across different sub-fields of modern computational (bio)chemistry. The text will be a useful reference for the biomolecular simulation community and help attract talented young students into this exciting frontier of research.




Semiconductor Materials

Semiconductor Materials

Semiconductor Materials presents physico-chemical electronic electrical elastic mechanical magnetic optical and other properties of a vast group of elemental binary and ternary inorganic semiconductors and their solid solutions. It also discusses the properties of organic semiconductors. Descriptions are given of the most commonly used semiconductor devices-charge-coupled devices field-effect transistors unijunction transistors thyristors Zener and avalanche diodes and photodiodes and lasers. The current trend of transitioning from silicon technology to gallium arsenide technology in field-effect-based electronic devices is a special feature that is also covered. More than 300 figures and 100 tables highlight discussions in the text and more than 2 000 references guide you to further sources on specific topics. Semiconductor Materials is a relatively compact book containing vast information on semiconductor material properties. Readers can compare results of the property measurements that have been reported by different authors and critically compare the data using the reference information contained in the book. Engineers who design and improve semiconductor devices researchers in physics and chemistry and students of materials science and electronics will find this a valuable guide.




Engineering of Polymers and Chemical Complexity  Two-Volume Set

Engineering of Polymers and Chemical Complexity Two-Volume Set

This new two-volume set provides a broad overview of current studies in the engineering of polymers and chemicals with complexity of various origins on scales ranging from single molecules and nano-phenomena to macroscopic chemicals. Starting with a detailed introduction to the history of research on complex chemical systems and its current state of the art and perspectives the books present chapters that survey the current progress in particular research fields. The chapters prepared by leading international experts create a fascinating picture of a rapidly developing research discipline that brings chemical technology and polymers to new frontiers. These books provide innovative chapters on the growth of educational scientific and industrial research activities among chemists biologists and polymer and chemical engineers and provides a medium for mutual communication between international academia and the industry. Presenting significant research and reviews that report new methodologies and important applications in the fields of industrial chemistry industrial polymers and biotechnology the books also cover chemical databases and the development of new computational methods and efficient algorithms for chemical software and polymer engineering.




Advances in Solar Energy: Volume 17An Annual Review of Research and Development in Renewable Energy Technologies

Advances in Solar Energy: Volume 17An Annual Review of Research and Development in Renewable Energy Technologies

'Essential for any serious technical library' PROFESSOR MARTIN GREEN UNIVERSITY OF NEW SOUTHWALES AUSTRALIA 'Valuable detailed information that helps me plan for the future' DON OSBORN FORMERLY OF SACRAMENTO MUNICIPAL UTILITY DISTRICT The Advances in Solar Energy series offers state-of-the-art information on all primary renewable energy technologies including solar wind and biomass bringing together invited contributions from the foremost international experts in renewable energy. Spanning a broad range of technical subjects this volume and series is a 'must-have' reference on global developments in the field of renewable energy. Volume 17 focuses primarily on solar energy with respect to heating hot water drying and detoxification. Specific chapter subjects include: Alternative World Energy Outlook 2006: A Possible Path towards a Sustainable Future Quantum Well Solar Cells Recent Progress of Organic Photovoltaics Thermal and Material Characterization of Immersed Heat Exchangers for Solar Domestic Hot Water Photocatalytic Detoxification of Water with Solar Energy Solar-Hydrogen: A Solid-State Chemistry Perspective Solar Heat for Industrial Processes Solar Energy Technology in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) for Sustainable Energy Water and Environment




Frothing in Flotation IIRecent Advances in Coal Processing  Volume 2

Frothing in Flotation IIRecent Advances in Coal Processing Volume 2

Dr. J. S. Laskowski has written several papers on frother-collector interactions and the effect of such interactions on flotation kinetics and on frothers chemistry and frothing. He is founder and Editor-in-Chief of the journal Coal Preparation. Dr. E. T. Woodburn has published numerous papers on flotation froth and flotation kinetics. Frothing in Flotation published in honor of Jan Leja appeared in 1989. Many important contributions on various aspects of flotation froth properties and behavior and the relationship between froth appearance and flotation performance have appeared since and this volume intends to summarize these achievements. Flotation kinetics involves a number of mass transfer processes with some of them being critically determined by the behavior of froth. Since froth is complex and controlled experimentation is difficult the froth phase was until recently either ignored or treated entirely empirically. With wide applications of flotation columns the behavior of the froth is now often recognized as being dominant in determining flotation performance and the research in this area is one of the most actively pursued.




Global tea scienceCurrent status and future needs

Global tea scienceCurrent status and future needs

Tea is the most widely-consumed beverage in the world. Like other crops tea cultivation faces a number of challenges. With the challenge of climate change and the competition for scarce resources there is a need to make tea cultivation more efficient and sustainable. Cultivation needs also to be more resilient to biotic and abiotic stresses whether it be pests or more extreme weather (e.g. drought) associated with global warming. Fortunately there is a range of research addressing these challenges. Drawing on an international range of expertise this collection summarises this research by focusing on ways of improving the cultivation of tea at each step in the value chain from breeding through to harvest. Part 1 reviews advances in breeding. Part 2 discusses improvements in cultivation techniques. The book then discusses plant protection and chemistry before concluding with sustainability issues. As the need for more interdisciplinary and collaborative research increases this collection will be a standard reference for the tea research community by summarising key research trends in each topic and putting them in the context of tea cultivation as a whole.




Measurement  Instrumentation  and Sensors HandbookTwo-Volume Set

Measurement Instrumentation and Sensors HandbookTwo-Volume Set

This new edition of the bestselling Measurement Instrumentation and Sensors Handbook brings together all aspects of the design and implementation of measurement instrumentation and sensors. Reflecting the current state of the art it describes the use of instruments and techniques for performing practical measurements in engineering physics chemistry and the life sciences; explains sensors and the associated hardware and software; and discusses processing systems automatic data acquisition reduction and analysis operation characteristics accuracy errors calibrations and the incorporation of standards for control purposes. Organized according to measurement problem the Second Edition: Consists of 2 volumes Features contributions from 240+ field experts Contains 53 new chapters plus updates to all 194 existing chapters Addresses different ways of making measurements for given variables Emphasizes modern intelligent instruments and techniques human factors modern display methods instrument networks and virtual instruments Explains modern wireless techniques sensors measurements and applications A concise and useful reference for engineers scientists academic faculty students designers managers and industry professionals involved in instrumentation and measurement research and development Measurement Instrumentation and Sensors Handbook Second Edition provides readers with a greater understanding of advanced applications.




Handbook of Laser Technology and ApplicationsLaser Applications: Medical  Metrology and Communication (Volume Four)

Handbook of Laser Technology and ApplicationsLaser Applications: Medical Metrology and Communication (Volume Four)

This comprehensive handbook gives a fully updated guide to lasers and laser technologies including the complete range of their technical applications. This forth volume covers laser applications in the medical metrology and communications fields. Key Features: ? Offers a complete update of the original bestselling work including many brand-new chapters. ? Deepens the introduction to fundamentals from laser design and fabrication to host matrices for solid-state lasers energy level diagrams hosting materials dopant energy levels and lasers based on nonlinear effects. ? Covers new laser types including quantum cascade lasers silicon-based lasers titanium sapphire lasers terahertz lasers bismuth-doped fiber lasers and diode-pumped alkali lasers. ? Discusses the latest applications e.g. lasers in microscopy high-speed imaging attosecond metrology 3D printing optical atomic clocks time-resolved spectroscopy polarization and profile measurements pulse measurements and laser-induced fluorescence detection. ? Adds new sections on laser materials processing laser spectroscopy lasers in imaging lasers in environmental sciences and lasers in communications. This handbook is the ideal companion for scientists engineers and students working with lasers including those in optics electrical engineering physics chemistry biomedicine and other relevant areas.




J. S. Mill?s Journal and Notebook of a Year in France  May 1820-July 1821A Complete Edition with A Facsimile Reprint of the Rediscovered Not

J. S. Mill?s Journal and Notebook of a Year in France May 1820-July 1821A Complete Edition with A Facsimile Reprint of the Rediscovered Not

The Kwansei Gakuin University obtained a notebook of John S. Mill?s sojourn in France (1820-21) in February 2001. This notebook consists of diary entries dated from July 20 to September 15 1820 and miscellaneous notes. One remarkable feature of this notebook is its inclusion of the entries dated from August 3 to 9 that are missing from both the Journal in the British Library collection and the notebook in the St. Andrews University Library collection. The book reproduces the entries of this week-long blank and in doing so  presents a picture of John S. Mill?s life in this week. According to these entries his French language French literature chemistry zoology metaphysics logic mathematics and other lessons continued right up until August 9 the day before his departure on a trip to the Pyrenees. He not only read books and studied French as before but also wrote an essay about "dialogue on government." Finally the book presents a complete version of John S. Mill? sojourn in France (1820-21) providing scholars for the first time with the information of Mill?s life and the education he received during those years.




Handbook of Laser Technology and ApplicationsLasers: Principles and Operations (Volume One)

Handbook of Laser Technology and ApplicationsLasers: Principles and Operations (Volume One)

This comprehensive handbook gives a fully updated guide to lasers and laser technologies including the complete range of their technical applications. The first volume outlines the fundamental components of lasers their properties and working principles. Key Features: ? Offers a complete update of the original bestselling work including many brand-new chapters. ? Deepens the introduction to fundamentals from laser design and fabrication to host matrices for solid-state lasers energy level diagrams hosting materials dopant energy levels and lasers based on nonlinear effects. ? Covers new laser types including quantum cascade lasers silicon-based lasers titanium sapphire lasers terahertz lasers bismuth-doped fiber lasers and diode-pumped alkali lasers. ? Discusses the latest applications e.g. lasers in microscopy high-speed imaging attosecond metrology 3D printing optical atomic clocks time-resolved spectroscopy polarization and profile measurements pulse measurements and laser-induced fluorescence detection. ? Adds new sections on laser materials processing laser spectroscopy lasers in imaging lasers in environmental sciences and lasers in communications. This handbook is the ideal companion for scientists engineers and students working with lasers including those in optics electrical engineering physics chemistry biomedicine and other relevant areas.




Phosphates in Food

Phosphates in Food

Phosphates in Food provides the first comprehensive analysis of phosphates used in food processing in almost 20 years. The book describes the nomenclature structure chemistry and analytical procedures for phosphates in foods. Interactions between added and some natural phosphates and food components (particularly proteins carbohydrates lipids and metal ions) are examined in relation to using phosphates in food processing for such purposes as increasing the water-holding capacity of proteins improving emulsification preventing gelation and delaying lipid oxidation. The book also discusses the use of phosphates in specific food groups such as milk and dairy products; meats poultry and fish; fruits and vegetables; bakery products and cereals; and miscellaneous food products including beverages fats and oils sugar and confectionery products eggs and derivatives and specialty products. An extensive section discussing the importance of phosphates as microbial agents is presented and is followed by a final section that examines the nutritional and health implications of elevated phosphate intake. The book contains 1 135 references 43 tables and 34 figures making it an ideal reference resource for researchers in food sciences microbiology and nutrition; food and chemical industries; and regulatory agencies within local state and federal governments.




Handbook of Lung Targeted Drug Delivery SystemsRecent Trends and Clinical Evidences

Handbook of Lung Targeted Drug Delivery SystemsRecent Trends and Clinical Evidences

Handbook of Lung Targeted Drug Delivery Systems: Recent Trends and Clinical Evidences covers every aspect of the drug delivery to lungs the physiology and pharmacology of the lung modelling for lung delivery drug devices focused on lung treatment regulatory requirements and recent trends in clinical applications. With the advent of nano sciences and significant development in the nano particulate drug delivery systems there has been a renewed interest in the lung as an absorption surface for various drugs. The emergence of the COVID-19 virus has brought lung and lung delivery systems into focus this book covers new developments and research used to address the prevention and treatment of respiratory diseases. Written by well-known scientists with years of experience in the field this timely handbook is an excellent reference book for the scientists and industry professionals. Key Features: Focuses particularly on the chemistry clinical pharmacology and biological developments in this field of research. Presents comprehensive information on emerging nanotechnology applications in diagnosing and treating pulmonary diseases Explores drug devices focused on lung treatment regulatory requirements and recent trends in clinical applications Examines specific formulations targeted to pulmonary systems




Contamination-Free Manufacturing for Semiconductors and Other Precision Products

Contamination-Free Manufacturing for Semiconductors and Other Precision Products

Recognizing the need for improved control measures in the manufacturing process of highly sensitized semiconductor technology this practical reference provides in-depth and advanced treatment on the origins procedures and disposal of a variety of contaminants. It uses contemporary examples based on the latest hardware and processing apparatus to illustrate previously unavailable results and insights along with experimental and theoretical developments.Ensures the proper methods necessary to meet the standards established in the 1997 National Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors (NTRS)!Summarizing up-to-date control practices in the industry Contamination-Free Manufacturing for Semiconductors and Other Precision Products:Details the physics and chemistry behind the mechanisms leading to contamination-induced failures Considers particles and molecular contaminants including the entire spectrum of mass-based contaminants Outlines primary contamination problems and target control levels Reveals and offers solutions to inadequate areas of measurement capability and control technology Clarifies significant problems and decisions facing the industry by analyzing NTRS standards and contamination mechanismsContaining over 700 literature references drawings photographs equations and tables Contamination-Free Manufacturing for Semiconductors and Other Precision Products is an essential reference for electrical and electronics instrumentation process manufacturing development contamination control and quality engineers; physicists; and upper-level undergraduate and graduate students in these disciplines.




Mobility and Proximity in Biological Membranes

Mobility and Proximity in Biological Membranes

Cell surface membranes have long been characterized as two-dimensional fluids whose mobile components are randomized by diffusion in the plane of the membrane bilayer. Recent research has indicated that cell surface membranes are highly organized and ordered and that important functional units of membranes appear as arrays of interacting molecules rather than as single freely diffusing molecules. Mobility and Proximity in Biological Membranes provides an overview of the results obtained from biophysical methods for probing the organization of cell surface membranes. These results are presented in the context of detailed treatments of the theory and the technical demands of each of the methods. The book describes a versatile and easily applied mode for investigating molecular proximities in plasma membranes in a flow cytometer. Its analysis of lipid fluidity and viscosity of membranes and the rotational mobility of proteins offers intimate insight into the physical chemistry of biological membranes. The electrophysiology of lymphocytes is presented with focus on its importance in different diseases. New techniques are described and new data new possibilities and future trends are presented by world experts. This book's chapters can serve both as guides to the existing literature and as starting points for new experiments and approaches associated with problems in membrane function.




Handbook of Laser Technology and ApplicationsLasers Applications: Materials Processing and Spectroscopy (Volume Three)

Handbook of Laser Technology and ApplicationsLasers Applications: Materials Processing and Spectroscopy (Volume Three)

This comprehensive handbook gives a fully updated guide to lasers and laser technologies including the complete range of their technical applications. This third volume covers modern applications in engineering and technology including all new and updated case studies spanning telecommunications and data storage to medicine optical measurement defense and security nanomaterials processing and characterization. Key Features: ? Offers a complete update of the original bestselling work including many brand-new chapters. ? Deepens the introduction to fundamentals from laser design and fabrication to host matrices for solid-state lasers energy level diagrams hosting materials dopant energy levels and lasers based on nonlinear effects. ? Covers new laser types including quantum cascade lasers silicon-based lasers titanium sapphire lasers terahertz lasers bismuth-doped fiber lasers and diode-pumped alkali lasers. ? Discusses the latest applications e.g. lasers in microscopy high-speed imaging attosecond metrology 3D printing optical atomic clocks time-resolved spectroscopy polarization and profile measurements pulse measurements and laser-induced fluorescence detection. ? Adds new sections on laser materials processing laser spectroscopy lasers in imaging lasers in environmental sciences and lasers in communications. This handbook is the ideal companion for scientists engineers and students working with lasers including those in optics electrical engineering physics chemistry biomedicine and other relevant areas.




Spherical Nucleic AcidsVolume 4

Spherical Nucleic AcidsVolume 4

Spherical nucleic acids (SNAs) comprise a nanoparticle core and a densely packed and highly oriented nucleic acid shell. They have novel structure-dependent properties that differ from those of linear nucleic acids and that makes them useful in chemistry biology the life sciences medicine materials science and engineering. This book is a reprint volume that compiles 101 key papers that have been published by the Mirkin Group at Northwestern University USA and their collaborators over the past more than two decades. Volume 1 provides an overview and a historical framework of SNAs and discusses their enabling features which set them apart from all other forms of matter. Volume 2 covers the general design rules for colloidal crystal engineering with DNA spanning the building blocks and DNA- and RNA-based "programmable bonds" that can be utilized in preparing such structures. Volume 3 continues the discussion of colloidal crystallization processes and routes to hierarchical assembly featuring dynamic nanoparticle superlattices and lattices prepared on surfaces or via templating strategies and explores what one can uniquely learn from and do with colloidal crystals prepared from nucleic acid?functionalized nanomaterials in optics plasmonics and catalysis. Volume 4 covers the role of SNAs in biomedicine especially as diagnostic probes both inside and outside of cells and treatments based on gene regulation and immunotherapy.




Spherical Nucleic AcidsVolume 3

Spherical Nucleic AcidsVolume 3

Spherical nucleic acids (SNAs) comprise a nanoparticle core and a densely packed and highly oriented nucleic acid shell. They have novel structure-dependent properties that differ from those of linear nucleic acids and that makes them useful in chemistry biology the life sciences medicine materials science and engineering. This book is a reprint volume that compiles 101 key papers that have been published by the Mirkin Group at Northwestern University USA and their collaborators over the past more than two decades. Volume 1 provides an overview and a historical framework of SNAs and discusses their enabling features which set them apart from all other forms of matter. Volume 2 covers the general design rules for colloidal crystal engineering with DNA spanning the building blocks and DNA- and RNA-based "programmable bonds" that can be utilized in preparing such structures. Volume 3 continues the discussion of colloidal crystallization processes and routes to hierarchical assembly featuring dynamic nanoparticle superlattices and lattices prepared on surfaces or via templating strategies and explores what one can uniquely learn from and do with colloidal crystals prepared from nucleic acid?functionalized nanomaterials in optics plasmonics and catalysis. Volume 4 covers the role of SNAs in biomedicine especially as diagnostic probes both inside and outside of cells and treatments based on gene regulation and immunotherapy.




Spherical Nucleic AcidsVolume 1

Spherical Nucleic AcidsVolume 1

Spherical nucleic acids (SNAs) comprise a nanoparticle core and a densely packed and highly oriented nucleic acid shell. They have novel structure-dependent properties that differ from those of linear nucleic acids and that makes them useful in chemistry biology the life sciences medicine materials science and engineering. This book is a reprint volume that compiles 101 key papers that have been published by the Mirkin Group at Northwestern University USA and their collaborators over the past more than two decades. Volume 1 provides an overview and a historical framework of SNAs and discusses their enabling features which set them apart from all other forms of matter. Volume 2 covers the general design rules for colloidal crystal engineering with DNA spanning the building blocks and DNA- and RNA-based "programmable bonds" that can be utilized in preparing such structures. Volume 3 continues the discussion of colloidal crystallization processes and routes to hierarchical assembly featuring dynamic nanoparticle superlattices and lattices prepared on surfaces or via templating strategies and explores what one can uniquely learn from and do with colloidal crystals prepared from nucleic acid?functionalized nanomaterials in optics plasmonics and catalysis. Volume 4 covers the role of SNAs in biomedicine especially as diagnostic probes both inside and outside of cells and treatments based on gene regulation and immunotherapy.




Spherical Nucleic AcidsVolume 2

Spherical Nucleic AcidsVolume 2

Spherical nucleic acids (SNAs) comprise a nanoparticle core and a densely packed and highly oriented nucleic acid shell. They have novel structure-dependent properties that differ from those of linear nucleic acids and that makes them useful in chemistry biology the life sciences medicine materials science and engineering. This book is a reprint volume that compiles 101 key papers that have been published by the Mirkin Group at Northwestern University USA and their collaborators over the past more than two decades. Volume 1 provides an overview and a historical framework of SNAs and discusses their enabling features which set them apart from all other forms of matter. Volume 2 covers the general design rules for colloidal crystal engineering with DNA spanning the building blocks and DNA- and RNA-based "programmable bonds" that can be utilized in preparing such structures. Volume 3 continues the discussion of colloidal crystallization processes and routes to hierarchical assembly featuring dynamic nanoparticle superlattices and lattices prepared on surfaces or via templating strategies and explores what one can uniquely learn from and do with colloidal crystals prepared from nucleic acid?functionalized nanomaterials in optics plasmonics and catalysis. Volume 4 covers the role of SNAs in biomedicine especially as diagnostic probes both inside and outside of cells and treatments based on gene regulation and immunotherapy.




Encyclopedia of Surface and Colloid Science

Encyclopedia of Surface and Colloid Science

The Encyclopedia of Surface and Colloid Science draws together the interface-related aspects of chemistry materials sciences and engineering biology physics computer sciences and applied mathematics. This new edition discusses important advancements made in the last decade or so namely the understanding of the fundamental theories in colloid and surface science the development of new and improved methods and the design of particles?nanoparticles. With an emerging impetus on topics such as health care and renewable energy this edition also addresses many fundamental aspects as well as applications related to drug design and delivery and the development of highly efficient catalysts including novel ways to generate renewable energy. Researchers who are pioneers in their respective disciplines provide the current state of knowledge from their research findings as well as other valuable information in the introductory sections of each book. Encompassing ten volumes this new edition continues to provide practitioners with all the information they need to devise or modify processes both for current and new products. Also Available OnlineThis Taylor & Francis encyclopedia is also available through online subscription offering a variety of extra benefits for researchers students and librarians including: Citation tracking and alerts Active reference linking Saved searches and marked lists HTML and PDF format options Contact Taylor and Francis for more information or to inquire about subscription options and print/online combination packages.US: (Tel) 1.888.318.2367; (E-mail) e-reference@taylorandfrancis.comInternational: (Tel) +44 (0) 20 7017 6062; (E-mail) online.sales@tandf.co.uk




Surimi and Surimi Seafood

Surimi and Surimi Seafood

Originating in Japan in the twelfth century surimi is refined fish myofibrillar proteins produced through various processes. The development of the surimi product crabstick in Japan in the 1970s played a major role in globalizing surimi and expanding surimi seafood consumption to the United States Europe and Russia. Commercial surimi production has also changed significantly. Surimi and Surimi Seafood Third Edition covers the resources production technology and nutrition of surimi and surimi seafood. Like the previous editions this reference serves as a global surimi and surimi seafood industry guide.Revised and expanded this new edition adds the most up-to-date information on the science of surimi and surimi seafood with an increase from 17 to 23 chapters coauthored by 63 scientists and industry leaders. Presenting broader more in-depth content highlights include historical reviews of the surimi technology and industry comminution technology and application coproduct utilization and nutrition and health benefits. The text examines topics related to surimi and fish proteins including gelation chemistry proteolytic enzymes and stabilization of proteins.This edition covers the production of various surimi seafood products: seafood paste crabsticks kamaboko chikuwa tempura fish balls and fish sausage. It discusses quality and production aspects such as waste management microbiology and pasteurization ingredient technology color measurement and colorants seafood flavors and sensory science applications. It also contains a chapter on research and development that can serve as a tool for insights on new product development.




Encyclopedia of Pharmaceutical Science and Technology  Six Volume Set (Print)

Encyclopedia of Pharmaceutical Science and Technology Six Volume Set (Print)

Pharmaceutical science deals with the whole spectrum of drug development from start to finish. There are many different facets to the pharmaceutical industry from initial research to the finished product including the equipment used trials performed and regulations that must be followed. Presenting an overview of all of these different aspects the Encyclopedia of Pharmaceutical Science and Technology Fourth Edition is a must-have reference guide for all laboratories and libraries in the pharmaceutical field. Bringing together leaders from every specialty related to pharmaceutical science and technology this is the single-source reference at the forefront of pharmaceutical R&D. The strength of this work is not only its breadth but also the caliber of contributing writers all experts in their field writing on all aspects of pharmaceutical science and technology. The fourth edition offers 29 new chapters ranging from biomarkers computational chemistry and contamination control to high-throughput screening orally disintegrating tablets and quality by design. The encyclopedia details best practices of equipment used methods for manufacturing options for packaging and routes for drug delivery. The volumes also provide a thorough understanding of the choices behind each method. In addition the regulations safety aspects patent guidance and methods of analysis are presented.Key Areas Covered: Analytics Biomarkers Dosage forms Drug delivery Formulation Informatics Manufacturing Packaging Processing Regulatory affairs Systems validation This is an authoritative reference source for those practicing in any area of pharmaceutical science and technology enabling the pharmaceutical specialist and novice alike to keep abreast of developments in this constantly evolving and highly competitive field.




Handbook of Functional Beverages and Human Health

Handbook of Functional Beverages and Human Health

Handbook of Functional Beverages and Human Health provides potential applications and new developments in functional beverages nutraceuticals and health foods. In addition to serving as a reference manual it summarizes the current state of knowledge in key research areas and contains novel ideas for future research and development. Additionally it provides an easy-to-read text suitable for teaching senior undergraduate and postgraduate students in the relevant areas. The book is divided into seven major sections: Section I covers market trends global regulations flavor challenges chemistry and health with specific reference to cancer chemoprevention and the prevention of postprandial metabolic stress due to consumption of functional beverages. Section II by far the largest part of the book has 39 chapters on the most popular fruit juices (apple juice lemon juice pomegranate juice watermelon juice etc.). Section III reports on herbal and vegetable juices (carrot juice Chinese medicinal herbs and root-based beverages tomato juice and vegetable-containing juices). Section IV details caffeinated beverages including different varieties of tea (green black oolong and herbal teas) coffee (coffee and beverages from green coffee beans) and cocoa and chocolate. Section V is on dairy and soy beverages while Section VI is on alcoholic beverages (wine) and water (maple water). Finally Section VII describes fermented (kefir koumiss and ayran) and fortified functional beverages (applications of plant sterols and stanols in functional beverages beverages fortified with omega-3 fatty acids dietary fiber minerals and vitamins probiotics and prebiotics in functional beverages functional beverages in weight management fortified sport drinks and peptide-enriched functional beverages).




CRC World Dictionary of Medicinal and Poisonous PlantsCommon Names  Scientific Names  Eponyms  Synonyms  and Etymology (5 Volume Set)

CRC World Dictionary of Medicinal and Poisonous PlantsCommon Names Scientific Names Eponyms Synonyms and Etymology (5 Volume Set)

"Following on the successes of two previous dictionary projects the CRC World Dictionary of Plant Names and the CRC World Dictionary of the Grasses Umberto Quattrocchi has undertaken this dictionary of economically important plants?. He has done for these plants what was so admirably done in his other works?brought the vast and scattered literature on plant names and in this case too their uses into coherent order so that the inquisitive scholar can get a foothold."?From the Foreword Donald H. Pfister Harvard University and Harvard University Herbaria Cambridge Massachusetts The CRC World Dictionary of Medicinal and Poisonous Plants: Common Names Scientific Names Eponyms Synonyms and Etymology provides the starting point for better access to data on plants used around the world in medicine food and cultural practices. The material found in the five volumes has been painstakingly gathered from papers of general interest reports and records taxonomic revisions field studies herbaria and herbarium collections notes monographs pamphlets botanical literature and literature tout court. It includes sources available at various natural history libraries floras and standard flora works local floras and local histories nomenclatural histories and the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature.Much more than a dictionary the book provides the names of thousands of genera and species of economically important plants concise summaries of plant properties and appropriate observations about medicinal uses. Drawing from a tremendous range of primary and secondary sources it is an indispensable time-saving guide for all those involved with botany herbal medicine pharmacognosy toxicology medicinal and natural product chemistry and agriculture.




Graphene Science HandbookApplications and Industrialization

Graphene Science HandbookApplications and Industrialization

Explore the Practical Applications and Promising Developments of Graphene The Graphene Science Handbook is a six-volume set that describes graphene?s special structural electrical and chemical properties. The book considers how these properties can be used in different applications (including the development of batteries fuel cells photovoltaic cells and supercapacitors based on graphene) and produced on a massive and global scale. Volume One: Fabrication Methods Volume Two: Nanostructure and Atomic Arrangement Volume Three: Electrical and Optical Properties Volume Four: Mechanical and Chemical Properties Volume Five: Size-Dependent Properties Volume Six: Applications and Industrialization This handbook describes the fabrication methods of graphene; the nanostructure and atomic arrangement of graphene; graphene?s electrical and optical properties; the mechanical and chemical properties of graphene; the size effects in graphene characterization and applications based on size-affected properties; and the application and industrialization of graphene. Volume six is dedicated to the application and industrialization of graphene and covers: The design of graphene- and biomolecule-based nanosensors and nanodevices The use of graphene-based field-effect-transistor (GFET)-like structures as sensing substrates and DNA aptamers as sensing elements Recent advances in graphene-based DNA sensors The antibacterial properties of graphene-based nanomaterial (NM) The chemical and physical properties of graphene and its current uses The development of sensitive and selective field-effect transistors (FET) biosensors based on graphene The unique properties of ordered graphene (G) Various methods currently employed for the production of graphene nanocomposites The supramolecular chemistry of graphene derivatives and more




Water-Insoluble Drug Formulation

Water-Insoluble Drug Formulation

Properties and Formulation: From Theory to Real-World Application Scientists have attributed more than 40 percent of the failures in new drug development to poor biopharmaceutical properties particularly water insolubility. Issues surrounding water insolubility can postpone or completely derail important new drug development. Even the much-needed reformulation of currently marketed products can be significantly affected by these challenges. More recently it was reported that the percentage increased to 90% for the candidates of new chemical entities in the discovery stage and 75% for compounds under development. In the most comprehensive resource on the topic this third edition of Water-Insoluble Drug Formulation brings together a distinguished team of experts to provide the scientific background and step-by-step guidance needed to deal with solubility issues in drug development. Twenty-three chapters systematically describe the detailed discussion on solubility theories solubility prediction models the aspects of preformulation biopharmaceutics pharmacokinetics regulatory and discovery support of water-insoluble drugs to various techniques used in developing delivery systems for water-insoluble drugs. This book includes more than 15 water-insoluble drug delivery systems or technologies illustrated with case studies and featuring oral and parenteral applications. Highlighting the most current information and data available this seminal volume reflects the significant progress that has been made in nearly all aspects of this field. The aim of this book is to provide a handy reference for pharmaceutical scientists in the handling of formulation issues related to water-insoluble drugs. In addition this book may be useful to pharmacy and chemistry undergraduate students and pharmaceutical and biopharmaceutical graduate students to enhance their knowledge in the techniques of drug solubilization and dissolution enhancement.




Introduction to Plasma Dynamics

Introduction to Plasma Dynamics

As the twenty-first century progresses plasma technology will play an increasing role in our lives providing new sources of energy ion?plasma processing of materials wave electromagnetic radiation sources space plasma thrusters and more. Studies of the plasma state of matter not only accelerate technological developments but also improve the understanding of natural phenomena. Beginning with an introduction to the characteristics and types of plasmas Introduction to Plasma Dynamics covers the basic models of classical diffuse plasmas used to describe such phenomena as linear and shock waves stationary flows elements of plasma chemistry and principles of plasma lasers.The author presents specific examples to demonstrate how to use the models and to familiarize readers with modern plasma technologies. The book describes structures of magnetic fields?one- and zero-dimensional plasma models. It considers single- two- and multi-component simulation models kinetics and ionization processes radiation transport and plasma interaction with solid surfaces. The text also examines self-organization and general problems associated with instabilities in plasma systems. In addition it discusses cosmic plasma dynamic systems such as Earth?s magnetosphere spiral nebulas and plasma associated with the Sun.This text provides wide-range coverage of issues related to plasma dynamics with a final chapter addressing advanced plasma technologies including plasma generators plasma in the home space propulsion engines and controlled thermonuclear fusion. It demonstrates how to approach the analysis of complex plasma systems taking into account the diversity of plasma environments. Presenting a well-rounded introduction to plasma dynamics the book takes into consideration the models of plasma phenomena and their relationships to one another as well as their applications.




NanosensorsPhysical  Chemical  and Biological

NanosensorsPhysical Chemical and Biological

Nanosensors are innovative devices that exploit the unique properties exhibited by matter at the nanoscale. A growing and exciting field nanosensors have recently spurred considerable research endeavors across the globe driving a need for the development of new device concepts and engineering nanostructured materials with controlled properties. Nanosensors: Physical Chemical and Biological Second Edition offers a panoramic view of the field and related nanotechnologies with extraordinary clarity and depth. Presenting an interdisciplinary approach blending physics chemistry and biology this new edition is broad in scope and organised into six parts; beginning with the fundamentals before moving onto nanomaterials and nanofabrication technologies in the second part. The third and fourth parts provide a critical appraisal of physical nanosensors and explore the chemical and biological categories of nanosensors. The fifth part sheds light on the emerging applications of nanosensors in the sectors of society industry and defense and details the cutting-edge applications of state-of-the-art nanosensors in environmental science food technology medical diagnostics and biotechnology. The final part addresses self-powering and networking issues of nanosensors and provides glimpses of future trends. This is an ideal reference for researchers and industry professionals engaged in the frontier areas of material science and semiconductor fabrication as well as graduate students in physics and engineering pursuing electrical engineering and electronics courses with a focus on nanoscience and nanotechnology. Key features: Provides an updated all-encompassing exploration of contemporary nanosensors and highlights the exclusive nanoscale properties on which nanosensors are designed. Presents an accessible approach with a question-and-answer format to allow an easy grasp of the intricacies involved in the complex working mechanisms of devices. Contains clear illustrative diagrams enabling the visualization of nanosensor operations along with worked examples end of chapter questions and exhaustive up-to-date bibliographies appended to each chapter.




Handbook of Dairy Foods Analysis

Handbook of Dairy Foods Analysis

Dairy foods account for a large portion of the Western diet but due to the potential diversity of their sources this food group often poses a challenge for food scientists and their research efforts. Bringing together the foremost minds in dairy research Handbook of Dairy Foods Analysis Second Edition compiles the top dairy analysis techniques and methodologies from around the world into one well-organized volume. Exceptionally comprehensive in both its detailing of methods and the range of dairy products covered this handbook includes tools for analyzing chemical and biochemical compounds and also bioactive peptides prebiotics and probiotics. It describes noninvasive chemical and physical sensors and starter cultures used in quality control. This second edition includes four brand-new chapters covering the analytical techniques and methodologies for determining bioactive peptides preservatives activity of endogenous enzymes and sensory perception of dairy foods and all other chapters have been adapted to recent research. All other chapters have been thoroughly updated. Key Features: Explains analytical tools available for the analysis of the chemistry and biochemistry of dairy foods Covers a variety of dairy foods including milk cheese butter yogurt and ice cream Analysis of nutritional quality includes prebiotics probiotics essential amino acids bioactive peptides and healthy vegetable-origin compounds Includes a series of chapters on analyzing sensory qualities including color texture and flavor. Covering the gamut of dairy analysis techniques the book discusses current methods for the analysis of chemical and nutritional compounds and the detection of microorganisms allergens contaminants and/or other adulterations including those of environmental origin or introduced during processing. Other methodologies used to evaluate color texture and flavor are also discussed. Written by an international panel of distinguished contributors under the editorial guidance of renowned authorities Fidel Toldr? and Leo M.L. Nollet this handbook is one of the few references that is completely devoted to dairy food analysis ? an extremely valuable reference for those in the dairy research processing and manufacturing industries.




Food Aroma EvolutionDuring Food Processing  Cooking  and Aging

Food Aroma EvolutionDuring Food Processing Cooking and Aging

Of the five senses smell is the most direct and food aromas are the key drivers of our flavor experience. They are crucial for the synergy of food and drinks. Up to 80% of what we call taste is actually aroma. Food Aroma Evolution: During Food Processing Cooking and Aging focuses on the description of the aroma evolution in several food matrices. Not only cooking but also processing (such as fermentation) and aging are responsible for food aroma evolution. A comprehensive evaluation of foods requires that analytical techniques keep pace with the available technology. As a result a major objective in the chemistry of food aroma is concerned with the application and continual development of analytical methods. This particularly important aspect is discussed in depth in a dedicated section of the book. Features Covers aromatic evolution of food as it is affected by treatment Focuses on food processing cooking and aging Describes both classic and new analytical techniques Explains how the flavor perception results are influenced by other food constituents The book comprises a good mix of referenced research with practical applications also reporting case studies of these various applications of novel technologies. This text represents a comprehensive reference book for students educators researchers food processors and food industry personnel providing an up-to-date insight. The range of techniques and materials covered provides engineers and scientists working in the food industry with a valuable resource for their work. Also available in the Food Analysis & Properties Series: Ambient Mass Spectroscopy Techniques in Food and the Environment edited by Leo M.L. Nollet and Basil K. Munjanja?(ISBN: 9781138505568) Hyperspectral Imaging Analysis and Applications for Food Quality edited by N.C. Basantia Leo M.L. Nollet and Mohammed Kamruzzaman (ISBN: 9781138630796) Fingerprinting Techniques in Food Authentication and Traceability edited by Khwaja Salahuddin Siddiqi and Leo M.L. Nollet (ISBN: 9781138197671) For a complete list of books in this series please visit our website at: www.crcpress.com/Food-Analysis--Properties/book-series/CRCFOODANPRO




The Coen & Hamworthy Combustion HandbookFundamentals for Power  Marine & Industrial Applications

The Coen & Hamworthy Combustion HandbookFundamentals for Power Marine & Industrial Applications

The rigorous treatment of combustion can be so complex that the kinetic variables fluid turbulence factors luminosity and other factors cannot be defined well enough to find realistic solutions. Simplifying the processes The Coen & Hamworthy Combustion Handbook provides practical guidance to help you make informed choices about fuels burners and associated combustion equipment?and to clearly understand the impacts of the many variables. Editors Stephen B. Londerville and Charles E. Baukal Jr top combustion experts from John Zink Hamworthy Combustion and the Coen Company supply a thorough state-of-the-art overview of boiler burners that covers Coen Hamworthy and Todd brand boiler burners. A Refresher in Fundamentals and State-of-the-Art Solutions for Combustion System Problems Roughly divided into two parts the book first reviews combustion engineering fundamentals. It then uses a building-block approach to present specific computations and applications in industrial and utility combustion systems including those for Transport and introduction of fuel and air to a system Safe monitoring of the combustion system Control of flows and operational parameters Design of a burner/combustion chamber to achieve performance levels for emissions and heat transfer Avoidance of excessive noise and vibration and the extension of equipment life under adverse conditions Coverage includes units fluids chemistry and heat transfer as well as atomization computational fluid dynamics (CFD) noise auxiliary support equipment and the combustion of gaseous liquid and solid fuels. Significant attention is also given to the formation reduction and prediction of emissions from combustion systems. Each chapter builds from the simple to the more complex and contains a wealth of practical examples and full-color photographs and illustrations. Practical Computations and Applications for Industrial and Utility Combustion Systems A ready reference and refresher this unique handbook is designed for anyone involved in combustion equipment selection sizing and emissions control. It will help you make calculations and decisions on design features fuel choices emissions controls burner selection and burner/furnace combinations with more confidence.




CRC World Dictionary of PalmsCommon Names  Scientific Names  Eponyms  Synonyms  and Etymology (2 Volume Set)

CRC World Dictionary of PalmsCommon Names Scientific Names Eponyms Synonyms and Etymology (2 Volume Set)

From the ForewordUmberto Quattrocchi has brought us some amazing and useful works through the various dictionaries that he has compiled. This time it is for two very important plant families the palms and the cycads that are synthesized here in these two volumes. Each entry is fascinating not just for the botany and full nomenclature of the plant species but for all the associated uses folklore and interactions with other organisms. ...These entries are fascinating glimpses of natural history. ... Botanists conservationists ethnobotanists anthropologists geographers bird watchers naturalists historians and those of many other disciplines will find these volumes a most valuable and useful resource. It is the sort of book that will be in frequent use in my library.----- Professor Sir Ghillean Prance FRS VMH Former Director Royal Botanic Gardens Kew ?Following the same format as Umberto Quattrocchi?s highly praised and well-used previous works The CRC World Dictionary of Palms: Common Names Scientific Names Eponyms Synonyms and Etymology brings together the vast and scattered literature on palms and cycads to provide better access to information on these economically important plants. Each genus and species has a detailed morphological description and includes a list of synonyms and vernacular names in many languages.Bibliographies accompany each entry which are comprehensive up-to-date and multi-lingual. The detailed information for every entry on habitats economic uses historical and biographical data botanical exploration and linguistics will be useful for any library involved with botany herbal medicine pharmacognosy medicinal and natural product chemistry ecology ethnobotany systematics general plant science agriculture or horticulture. Umberto Quattrocchi is the author of the bestselling CRC World Dictionary of Plant Names winner of the prestigious Hanbury Botanical Garden Award. His most recent multi-volume work CRC World Dictionary of Medicinal and Poisonous Plants received strong praise as being "... an unparalleled starting place?a tool of first resort for any thoughtful researcher. Quattrocchi and CRC have delivered a dictionary like no other a learned finger pointing in the right direction."?John de la Parra Northeastern University Boston Massachusetts USA from Economic Botany Vol. 68 2014




Biomedical Photonics Handbook  3 Volume Set

Biomedical Photonics Handbook 3 Volume Set

Shaped by Quantum Theory Technology and the Genomics Revolution The integration of photonics electronics biomaterials and nanotechnology holds great promise for the future of medicine. This topic has recently experienced an explosive growth due to the noninvasive or minimally invasive nature and the cost-effectiveness of photonic modalities in medical diagnostics and therapy. The second edition of the Biomedical Photonics Handbook presents fundamental developments as well as important applications of biomedical photonics of interest to scientists engineers manufacturers teachers students and clinical providers. Represents the Collective Work of over 150 Scientists Engineers and Clinicians Designed to display the most recent advances in instrumentation and methods as well as clinical applications in important areas of biomedical photonics to a broad audience this three-volume handbook provides an inclusive forum that serves as an authoritative reference source for a broad audience involved in the research teaching learning and practice of medical technologies. What?s New in This Edition: A wide variety of photonic biochemical sensing technologies have already been developed for clinical monitoring of physiological parameters such as blood pressure blood chemistry pH temperature and the presence of pathological organisms or biochemical species of clinical importance. Advanced photonic detection technologies integrating the latest knowledge of genomics proteomics and metabolomics allow sensing of early disease state biomarkers thus revolutionizing the medicine of the future. Nanobiotechnology has opened new possibilities for detection of biomarkers of disease imaging single molecules and in situ diagnostics at the single cell level. In addition to these state-of-the art advancements the second edition contains new topics and chapters including: Fiber Optic Probe Design Laser and Optical Radiation Safety Photothermal Detection Multidimensional Fluorescence Imaging Surface Plasmon Resonance Imaging Molecular Contrast Optical Coherence Tomography Multiscale Photoacoustics Polarized Light for Medical Diagnostics Quantitative Diffuse Reflectance Imaging Interferometric Light Scattering Nonlinear Interferometric Vibrational Imaging Multimodality Theranostics Nanoplatforms Nanoscintillator-Based Therapy SERS Molecular Sentinel Nanoprobes Plasmonic Coupling Interference Nanoprobes Comprised of three books: Volume I: Fundamentals Devices and Techniques; Volume II: Biomedical Diagnostics; and Volume III: Therapeutics and Advanced Biophotonics this second edition contains eight sections and provides introductory material in each chapter. It also includes an overview of the topic an extensive collection of spectroscopic data and lists of references for further reading.




The John Zink Hamworthy Combustion HandbookThree-Volume Set

The John Zink Hamworthy Combustion HandbookThree-Volume Set

Despite the length of time it has been around its importance and vast amounts of research combustion is still far from being completely understood. Issues regarding the environment cost and fuel consumption add further complexity particularly in the process and power generation industries. Dedicated to advancing the art and science of industrial combustion The John Zink Hamworthy Combustion Handbook Second Edition covers the fundamental concepts and theory design and operations and important industry applications. Now in three volumes this second edition of the bestselling handbook has been completely updated and expanded to provide an up-to-date look at industrial combustion. Under the leadership of Charles E. Baukal Jr. top engineers and technologists from John Zink Hamworthy Combustion offer insights on a wide range of topics. Volume 1 introduces the interdisciplinary fundamentals including chemistry fluid flow and heat transfer. A field manual for operators engineers and managers Volume 2 looks at equipment design and operations from testing to installation and maintenance to troubleshooting. Building on the first two volumes Volume 3 examines industry applications such as process burners boiler burners process flares thermal oxidizers and vapor control. What?s New in This Edition - Highlights Extensive updates and revisions throughout reflecting new standards energy sources processes and conservation concerns Updated information on HPI/CPI industries including alternative fuels advanced refining techniques emissions standards and new technologies New practices in coal combustion such as gasification The latest developments in cold-flow modeling CFD-based modeling and mathematical modeling Greater coverage of pollution emissions and NOx reduction techniques New material on combustion diagnostics testing and training Expanded coverage of flares thermal oxidizers and commercial and utility boiler burners More property data useful for the design and operation of combustion equipment Coverage of metallurgy refractories blowers and vapor control equipment This second edition continues to provide the comprehensive coverage up-to-date information and visual presentation that made the first edition an industry standard. Featuring color illustrations and photographs throughout this definitive guide helps you broaden your understanding of industrial combustion to better meet the challenges of this dynamic field. For more information about the individual volumes in the The John Zink Hamworthy Combustion Handbook Second Edition see: Volume 1: Fundamentals Volume 2: Design and Operations Volume 3: Applications




The Correspondence of Joseph Black

The Correspondence of Joseph Black

Joseph Black (1728-1799) was one of the central figures of the Scottish Enlightenment. His friends and colleagues included David Hume Adam Smith Adam Ferguson William Robertson William Cullen and James Hutton; together they formed a celebrated intellectual circle which regularly met conversed and dined. Black was widely admired for his discovery and characterisation of 'fixed air' (carbon dioxide} which arose from investigations he undertook at Edinburgh for the dissertation which counted towards his MD degree. His first teaching appointment followed at Glasgow University where he developed ideas about latent and specific heat all the more intriguing as there he formed a close friendship with James Watt whose ambition grew to improve the performance of steam engines. Black's reputation lay largely as a highly talented teacher. From 1766 when he became professor of medicine and chemistry at Edinburgh his large classes included pupils who were drawn from as far away as America the West Indies and Russia. Black was also admired for his skill in applying science and economics to the improvement of agriculture and to the developing industrial landscape. According to a contemporary commentator he was "the best judge perhaps in Europe" of such matters. This publication includes more than eight hundred items of Black's extensive correspondence most of them published for the first time. It reveals relationships with businessmen entrepreneurs and former pupils as well as with prominent scientific and cultural figures of the day including Antoine-Laurent Lavoisier James Watt Benjamin Rush Josiah Wedgwood and Robert Adam. A number of letters and reports written to and from fellow physicians indicate that Black practised medicine throughout his career particularly caring for the health of his friends David Hume among them. There is also a revealing series of letters which point to the financial struggles his Ulster family endured at a period of political unrest in Europe and America and showing how Black saved them from bankruptcy on various occasions. Documents associated with Black's domestic life and academic work are also included. The letters are preceded by an important introduction covering Black's life and work and the context and history of the correspondence and are provided with extensive annotation. A comprehensive index concludes the work. These volumes therefore comprise an indispensable resource for all those interested in medicine teaching the growth of scientific ideas the social fabric and the rise of industry in the eighteenth century and in the Enlightenment itself.




Spatial Dynamics and Pattern Formation in Biological Populations

Spatial Dynamics and Pattern Formation in Biological Populations

The book provides an introduction to deterministic (and some stochastic) modeling of spatiotemporal phenomena in ecology epidemiology and neural systems. A survey of the classical models in the fields with up to date applications is given. The book begins with detailed description of how spatial dynamics/diffusive processes influence the dynamics of biological populations. These processes play a key role in understanding the outbreak and spread of pandemics which help us in designing the control strategies from the public health perspective. A brief discussion on the functional mechanism of the brain (single neuron models and network level) with classical models of neuronal dynamics in space and time is given. Relevant phenomena and existing modeling approaches in ecology epidemiology and neuroscience are introduced which provide examples of pattern formation in these models. The analysis of patterns enables us to study the dynamics of macroscopic and microscopic behaviour of underlying systems and travelling wave type patterns observed in dispersive systems. Moving on to virus dynamics authors present a detailed analysis of different types models of infectious diseases including two models for influenza five models for Ebola virus and seven models for Zika virus with diffusion and time delay. A Chapter is devoted for the study of Brain Dynamics (Neural systems in space and time). Significant advances made in modeling the reaction-diffusion systems are presented and spatiotemporal patterning in the systems is reviewed. Development of appropriate mathematical models and detailed analysis (such as linear stability weakly nonlinear analysis bifurcation analysis control theory numerical simulation) are presented. Key Features Covers the fundamental concepts and mathematical skills required to analyse reaction-diffusion models for biological populations. Concepts are introduced in such a way that readers with a basic knowledge of differential equations and numerical methods can understand the analysis. The results are also illustrated with figures. Focuses on mathematical modeling and numerical simulations using basic conceptual and classic models of population dynamics Virus and Brain dynamics. Covers wide range of models using spatial and non-spatial approaches. Covers single two and multispecies reaction-diffusion models from ecology and models from bio-chemistry. Models are analysed for stability of equilibrium points Turing instability Hopf bifurcation and pattern formations. Uses Mathematica for problem solving and MATLAB for pattern formations. Contains solved Examples and Problems in Exercises. The Book is suitable for advanced undergraduate graduate and research students. For those who are working in the above areas it provides information from most of the recent works. The text presents all the fundamental concepts and mathematical skills needed to build models and perform analyses.



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