A single-boundary accumulator model of response times in an addition verification task

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Faulkenberry, T. J. (2017, May 11). A single-boundary accumulator model of response times in an addition verification task. https://doi.org/10.31234/osf.io/dz932

Current theories of mathematical cognition offer competing accounts of the interplay between encoding and calculation in mental arithmetic. Additive models propose that manipulations of problem format do not interact with the cognitive processes used in calculation. Alternatively, interactive models suppose that format manipulations have a direct effect on calculation processes. In the present study, we tested these competing models by fitting participants’ RT distributions in an arithmetic verification task with a single- boundary accumulator model (the shifted Wald distribution). We found that in addition to providing a more complete description of RT distributions, the accumulator model afforded a potentially more sensitive test of format effects. Specifically, we found that format affected drift rate, which implies that problem format has a direct impact on calculation processes. These data give further support for an interactive model of mental arithmetic.


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