Adobe

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  1. Sun-dried brick used in places with warm, dry climates, such as Egypt and Mexico; the clay from which bricks are made; the structures built out of adobe bricks.
  2. Bricks formed out of mud or clay, and baked in a kiln or under the sun. Adobe bricks are often bonded together with mud- or lime-mortar joints, and coats of lime-and-sand stucco often cover adobe walls to prevent them from eroding in the rain. The use of adobe bricks dates back to prehistoric times, and continues today. Adobe buildings are particularly common in the southwestern United States, where they are indigenous. [1]
  3. A fine-grained, usually calcareous, hard-baked clayey deposit mixed with silt, usually forming as sheets in the central or lower parts of desert basins, as in the playas of the southwestern United States and in the arid parts of Mexico and South America. It is probably a windblown deposit, although it is often reworked and redeposited by running water. AGI
    Source: Dictionary of Mining, Mineral, and Related Terms



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