Argillaceous rock

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A sedimentary rock composed of clay-grade particles; i.e., composed of minute mineral fragments and crystals less than 0.002 mm in diameter; containing much colloidal-size material. In addition to finely divided detrital matter, argillaceous rocks consist essentially of illite, montmorillonite, kaolinite, gibbsite, and diaspore. CMD
Source: Dictionary of Mining, Mineral, and Related Terms

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