Atomic weight

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  • Weighted average of the masses of the constituent isotopes of an element
  • The relative masses of atoms of different elements
  • The average relative weight of the atoms of an element referred to an arbitrary standard of 16.0000 for the atomic weight of oxygen. The atomic weight scale used by chemists takes 16.0000 as the average atomic weight of oxygen atoms as they occur in nature. The scale used by physicists takes 16.00435 as the atomic weight of the most abundant oxygen isotope. Division by the factor 1.000272 converts an atomic weight on the physicists' scale to the corresponding atomic weight on the chemists' scale. See also: atomic number
    Source: Dictionary of Mining, Mineral, and Related Terms


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