One of Ruth Benedict's polar types. Dionysian culture is typified by members manifesting belief that excess, frenzy, and disruptive psychological states may well bring insight, wisdom, and knowledge of the sacred otherworld. The Dionysian culture complex holds values that approve recklessness, exaltation, states of emotional excess, and a general passion to break through the usual sensory routine of everyday life, sometimes by the use of drugs or ritual. Compare with Apollonian. - Ruth Benedict, Patterns of Culture (New York: Mentor Books, 1960).