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- (p) a circular bacterial DNA molecule that replicates autonomously; often used in recombinant DNA work
Source: Jenkins, John B. 1990. Human Genetics, 2nd Edition. New York: Harper & Row
- A circular DNA molecule, capable of autonomous replication, which typically carries one or more genes encoding antibiotic resistance proteins. Plasmids can transfer genes between bacteria and are important tools of transformation for genetic engineers.
- A circular piece of DNA that exists apart from the chromosome and replicates independently of it. Bacterial plasmids carry information that renders the bacteria resistant to antibiotics. Plasmids are often used in genetic engineering to carry desired genes into organisms.
Source: Terms of the Environment